And worship Him that made heaven, and
earth, and the sea, and the fountains of water
- Revelation 14: 7
There is not a single text in the entire Bible
authorizing Sunday as the day of worship!
The reason for
the holy Sabbath keeping are manifold. GOD made the
Sabbath part of the Ten Commandments that define sin
to us in the New Testament! In the Sabbath command,
GOD made it clear that the Seventh Day Sabbath is to
be kept in honor of creation. In it, we also can see
that GOD Himself is the rightful owner of the
The apostle Paul declared that the law exposes the
lust of the flesh and he quotes the last of the Ten
telling us that this law is "Spiritual" [Romans
So this spiritual law includes CHRIST's Seventh Day
Sabbath because JESUS is our Creator GOD [Eph.3:9]
and His re-creative power is needed today to make us
new [Eph.4:22-24]. In fact JESUS died in order for
us to have the righteousness of the law inside us
The closest followers of JESUS knew nothing of a
suppose change of the Sabbath day because they
waited with such an important task as embalming His
body [Luke 23:56] and JESUS Himself kept the Sabbath
holy by resting in the tomb. The Gentile Christians
also knew nothing of Sunday Sabbath worship because
they asked the apostle Paul to come over to preach to
them, not the next day, Sunday, but next Sabbath
Please note the following from Gods Word
And on the seventh day GOD ended his work which he
had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all
his work which he had made. And GOD blessed the
the first day],
and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested
from all his work which GOD created and made.
Genesis 2:2, 3.
Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six
days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work
[this includes the first day, aka Sunday]
: But the seventh day [is] the Sabbath of the
LORD thy God: [in it] thou shalt not do any
work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy
manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor
thy stranger that [is] within thy gates: For [in]
six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea,
and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh
day: wherefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day, and
hallowed it. Exodus 20:8-11.
And he said unto them, The Sabbath was made for
man, and not man for the Sabbath: Therefore the
Son of man is Lord also of the Sabbath
[the Sabbath, the seventh day of the week, is the
Mark 2:27, 28.
I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day
was in the Spirit the seventh day, the Sabbath of
the Lord! Not the first daySunday.]
Biblical institutions such as the Sabbath, Baptism,
and the Lord's Supper all trace their origin to a
divine act that established them. But there is no
such divine act for the institution of a weekly
Sunday or an annual Easter Sunday memorial of the
The silence of the New Testament on this
matter is very important since most of its books
were written many years after Christ's death and
resurrection. If Christ or the apostles had enjoined
the observance of Sunday as a memorial of the
resurrection, then we should find in the New
Testament some indications of such a commandment and
of its observance. Instead, we find no trace of any
commandment regarding the celebration of the
Resurrection on a weekly Sunday or annual Easter
In fact, Sunday is never called "Day
of the Resurrection" in the NT, but consistently
"First Day of the Week." Paul prays that he may know
"the power of the resurrection" (Phil 3:10),
not the day of His resurrection. The first
reference to Sunday as the "Day of the Resurrection"
occurs in the fourth century in the writings of
Eusebius of Caesarea. The obvious reason for this
late appearance is that in earliest centuries Sunday
was not viewed as the weekly memorial of the
JESUS CHRIST rested in the garden of Eden after
completing creation and He rested again on His
Sabbath from Friday sundown to Saturday sundown in
the tomb after the cross.
He kept the Sabbath holy in His deathbed.
The deeper meaning to resting on the Sabbath can be
seen in the antithesis the author of Hebrews makes
between those who failed to enter into GOD's [CHRIST's]
rest because of "unbelief" [apeitheias]
4:6,11 - that is, faithlessness which results in
disobedience- and those who enter it by "faith" [pistei]
4:2,3, that is, faithfulness that results in
Was the Lord's supper celebrated on Sundays
and in honor of the resurrection?
Notice how the apostle repeats four times
the same phrase: "When ye come together"
[1.Cor.11:18, 20, 33, 34]. The phrase implies
indefinite time because there was no set time to
celebrate the Lord's supper. Acts 2 tells us that it
was a daily affair [v.46]. Note the words of Paul in
a very specific manner that the Lord's supper was
not celebrated on Sundays, and was not connected
with the resurrection, but His sacrifice and Second
Advent: "You proclaim the Lord's death till He
comes" [1.Cor.11:26]. No Sunday, only Sabbath day
worship according to the commandment of love.
Did the apostles worship on Sundays?
1.Cor.16:2 is being used by some to justify
Sunday keeping. It seems paradoxical that Paul
should recommend laying the offering money aside at
home on Sundays if on such a day they were gathering
for worship? 1.Cor.16:2 proves that there was no
Sunday services, but rather loving obedience to the
fourth of the Ten Commandments.
And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep
his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and
keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the
truth is not in him. But whoso keepeth his
word, in him verily is the love of GOD perfected:
hereby know we that we are in him. He that saith he
abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even
as he walked.
1 John 2:3-6.
So what does this say about the following our Lord
JESUS CHRIST?? The little horn of Daniel seven had
no right to change GOD'S time and laws [Daniel 7:25]
and only by attempting this, can the man of
sin [or lawlessness] be seating in GOD'S temple or
church claiming to be GOD [2.Thess.2].
Papal Rome removed the second of the 10 Commandments
in order to bring false worship of images and idols
into Christianity, then splitting up the last one to
make up the numbers. That is why in
Catechisms, the fourth, or Sabbath, has become the
third and the fifth the fourth etc.
This wasn't blasphemous enough, so they also altered
the very day of worship from Saturday to Sunday, and
GOD'S time of sunset to the darkest hour of midnight
by Pope Gregory. The title Pope, or Papa, is
forbidden by Matthew 23:9 and the celibate Priests,
Nuns, Monks, Bishops, Cardinals, Popes, Jesuits,
Prelates and Nuncios [the political part of the
Vatican] are recognized as having brought doctrines
[teachings] of devils into Christianity [1.Timothy
4:1-4]. So when you hear Sabbath keepers claiming
that the Pope changed the Sabbath from Saturday to
Sunday, you will understand now that they quote the
"early church Fathers", which in Rome is
called "PAPA" or "POPE". All the supposedly early
church Fathers or Popes were under Roman
are also holy water, crossing one selves, veneration
and adoration of Statues and images, Mother Mary and
Saint worship, Sunday sacredness, idolatrous Mass
and the Eucharist replacing the Lord's supper, the
seven sacraments, the use of force in place of the
Gentle Gospel invitation, the rosary and cloisters,
pompous ceremonies and pilgrimages, sprinkling
babies, Hell, Purgatory, Limbo, Voodoo,
spiritualism, halo, sun-monstrance, penance, merits,
and many more.
Seventh-Day Sabbath is given to all mankind
The seven Jewish Sabbath days
were the handwritings of ordinances, a shadow to
come, and rudiments of the world; after the
commandments and doctrines of men (Colossians
2:8-22) and not the Ten Commandments of God
They have nothing to do with
Christs weekly Seventh-Day Sabbath. GOD
(CHRIST) rested at creation (Genesis 2:1-3) not
made the day holy at Eden and gave it to Adam and
Eve before sin entered and 2500 years before the
first Jew was born.
Any unprejudiced mind may
see the two laws in the New Testament, by
carefully searching for the truth. One is called a
yoke of BONDAGE;
Gal.5:1 the other is called a royal law of
LIBERTY; James 1:25;
2:8. How could the Ten Commandments possibly done
away with when they point out to us the
difference between sin and holiness and also
will judge us? On the contrary, soon as we find
forgiveness, GOD Himself writes love for His
laws inside our hearts and minds changing us
[Hebrews chapters 8+10].
The name of JESUS is popular,
but soon as His holy name is being associated with
His Seventh day Sabbath [Matthew 12:8] it becomes
unpopular instantaneously. Yet, since all
things were created through Him, He also created
the Sabbath. Therefore, the Seventh day is
If you accept CHRIST'S
lifestyle, you will accept His Sabbath of the
fourth commandment to keep it holy. His
GRACE will then pardon your sin of transgression
against it. "And you shall raise up the
foundations of many generations; and you shall be
called the repairer of the bridge and the restorer
of a path to dwell in "IF" turn away your foot
from the Sabbath".--Isa.58:12,13 That is,
from treading the holy Sabbath under foot and
soiling it! After all, we are followers of JESUS
who never went to church on Sundays, so we cannot
follow Him there! CHRIST'S Sabbath isolates you
from other Christians who want to be popular with
GOD'S (CHRIST'S) Seventh-Day
was given to Adam as the head of all humanity and
When he failed, it was taken from him and where
the Lord JESUS CHRIST succeeded, declared Himself Lord
of the Seventh-Day Sabbath in the New Testament as
the new head of all humanity (Mark 2:28; Isa.9:6).
It was kept by all the New Testament apostolic church, even the Gentiles (Acts 13:42-44;
15:21; 16:13 Rev.1:10) in honor of Christ as our
Creator GOD (Gen.1:1-2:3; John 1:1-3, Eph.3:9;
Col.1:16,17; Hebrews 1:2,10)
Sin is what?
The apostle Paul had not known sin except
that the last of the Ten Commandments told him
(Rom.7:7) and this of course includes
The Jews only kept the letter of that day
but not the spirit.
Today we find this spiritual Law (Rom.7:14)
under the throne or mercy seat of GOD above
(Hebrews 8:1-5; Rev.15:5) in heaven in the Most
The very basis and foundation
of the New Testament Covenant and the Gospel, is
that the 10 Commandments point out our sins and
bring us to CHRIST to seek forgiveness.
Soon as we are cleansed from sin by the
blood of JESUS, GOD gives us a brand new heart of
flesh by taking away our stony hearts hardened by
sin, where He Himself writes love for His holy
moral code of the Decalogue. (Hebrews 8: 6-13;
is true New Testament Christianity.
The Sabbath also has a moral
element: the worship of GOD (Rev.14:6,7).
The day is singled out by GOD as a mark,
seal or sign of sanctification, the work of a
lifetime according to John Wesley, the famous
Protestant Preacher and founder of Methodism.
(Ezekiel 20:12,13,20,21), it is therefore the
opposite to the sign, seal or mark of the Beast
Rome did not tolerate any
other church and hated the Jews and with it
CHRIST'S Sabbath which is shown in
Encyclopaedias that the Roman death decree by
Constantine in 321 a.d had everything to do with
17th Century English Seventh Day
Baptists were never termed a cult by the rest of
Here its unfairness can be seen when
they condemn the 19th Century American Seventh-Day Adventists as a cult.
Now the most important
question: Why did JESUS declared Himself Lord
of the Sabbath in the New Testament only?
Because He is GOD our Creator
and deserves all our affection and worship in
answering His love for us.
"All things were made
by Him (CHRIST); and without Him was not anything
made that was made." John's Gospel 1:1-3
"And to make all man
see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which
from the beginning (creation) of the world has
been hidden in God, who created all things by
JESUS CHRIST." Ephesians 3:9
Note here that Salvation is a
free gift and cannot be earned (Eph.2:8) and it
must be love for JESUS that inspires us to worship
"Who has delivered us
from the power of darkness, and has translated us
into the Kingdom of His dear Son; in whom we
have redemption through His blood, even the
forgiveness of sins;
Who is the image of the invisible GOD, the
firstborn of every Creature:
For by Him were all things created, that are in
heaven, and that are in earth, visible and
invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions,
or principalities, or powers: all things were
created by Him (JESUS CHRIST), and for Him:
And He is before all things, and by Him all things
consists." Colossians 1:13-17.
"GOD has appointed
His Son heir of all things, by whom He also made
the worlds." (plural) Heb.1:2
JESUS said that His Sabbath
was made for man, i.e. to benefit us. But
who owns that day? Let us quote the fourth
of the 10 Commandments to you:
"Remember the Sabbath
day, to keep it holy.
Six days shalt thou labour, and do all your work;
But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD
your GOD: in it shalt thou not do any work, you,
nor your son, nor your daughter, your servant,
cattle, nor the stranger who is within your gates:
For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth,
and the sea, and all that is in them, and rested
the seventh day, wherefore the LORD blessed the
seventh day, and made it holy."
Christ's wonderful Sabbath?
Hebrews chapter four has a
direct link to today as spoken by the Apostle Paul in
1.Corinthians 10: Moreover brethren, I would not
that you should be ignorant, how that all our fathers
were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
And all were baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in
And did all eat the same spiritual food; and did all
drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that
spiritual ROCK that followed them: and that ROCK
But with many of them GOD was not pleased: for
they were overthrown in the wilderness.
Now these things
were our examples, to the intent we should not lust
after evil things, as they also lusted.---1.Cor.10:1-6
What were the things they
lusted after? GOD re-introduced them to His holy
Sabbath and a vegetarian diet of heavenly Manna after
the long years of slavery in Egypt. Those who broke
the Sabbath by collecting Manna on that day and
lusting after the flesh pots of Egypt, were the
offenders against GOD and what GOD had originally
given in Eden, the vegetarian diet and the Sabbath:
"And they sinned yet
more against Him [GOD] by provoking the most High in
the wilderness. And they tempted GOD in their
heart by asking meat for their lust.---Psalms
"Now all these things
happened unto them for examples; and they are written
for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world
"But the house of
Israel rebelled against Me in the
wilderness........and My Sabbath they greatly
so here it is plainly
stated that what happened back there in the wilderness
experience, is for our admonition today and an example
for the end-time of the world we are living!
Now with this introduction, lets look at Hebrews
Hebrews 4 has the
preposition that the reader has an understanding of
what constitutes sin! In Hebrews 3:13 is this
exhortation: "But exhort one another daily,
while it is called today; lest any of you be
hardened through the deceitfulness of sin".
For what is sin? "Sin is the transgression of
the law"---1.John 3:4 and again "For I had not
known sin except by the law that said, thou shalt not
covet."---Romans 7:7 This of course includes
the fourth of the Ten Commandments, namely the Sabbath
of whom JESUS is Lord.
What is the Sabbath rest
that is still outstanding for GOD's people [Heb4:9]?
Verse 10 describes the basic characteristic of
Christian Sabbathkeeping, namely, cessation from work:
"For whoever enter's GOD's rest also ceases from
his labours as GOD did from His"[4:10] cf. Genesis
to say that this refers to
the cessation of sinful activities, would be absurd to
think that GOD ceased from "sinful deeds". The
point of analogy is simply that as GOD ceased on the
seventh day from His creation week work, so believers
are to cease on the same day from their labours.
This is a simple statement of the nature of
Sabbathkeeping which essentially involves cessation
found in Heb 4:9 refers to Sabbath observance, thus
the writer of Hebrews is saying that since the time of
Joshua [JESUS] an observance of Sabbath rest has been
outstanding. We would conclude then that both
the reference to cessation from work found in v.10 and
the term "sabbatismos"-sabbathkeeping" used in v.9
make it clear that the writer is thinking of a literal
Another important factor
in Hebrews 4 is to consider the "rest"
into the land of Canaan! Just as we are today
waiting to enter the "rest" from our
enemies and sin into the heavenly Canaan! And
the term "today" was also important back
there in King David's time for we read about it in
Psalms 95 and of course Jesus gives us rest by coming
to Him for the cleansing of sin by His precious blood
and receive a new heart into which He as GOD writes
His own holy righteousness of the law [Romans 8:3+4;
Hebrews 8:10; 10:16]. If GOD has convicted you
"today", do not reject the Holy Spirit,
he may never return to give you another day.
The fact that the writer
is not arguing for the permanence of Sabbathkeeping;
he takes it for granted. The act of resting on
the Sabbath is not merely a routine ritual or
sacrifice as stated in Matthew 12:7+8 : "But
if you had known what this means, I will have mercy,
and not sacrifice, you would not have condemned the
guiltless. For the Son of man is LORD even of
the Sabbath day." cf. Luke 6:5 Mark 2:27 On
the Sabbath, the believer is to cease from his own
works to allow GOD to work in him. Such a
response entails not the hardening of one's heart [Heb
Paul writes: "One man considers one day more than
another; another man considers every day alike. Each
one should be fully convinced in his own mind."
Some people interpret this passage as allowing
Christians to either recognize or ignore the Sabbath,
- or perhaps to select any day as the Sabbath. But
others suggest from a reading of the subsequent verses
that Paul is discussing fasting here, not religious
observance. They would suggest that verse 1 of this
chapter indicates that the passage relates to "disputable"
matters (such as when or if to fast); the day of the
Sabbath was not a disputable matter; it was a
commandment from God. The phrase "considering every
day alike" might means that every day from Sunday
to Friday were treated the same, as in the passage
describing the collection of manna in Exodus 16:4
Since Paul declared "Let no man judge you regarding
the Bible Sabbath," isn't Sabbath keeping unnecessary
This passage is one of the most misunderstood in
the Bible. One principle of Bible interpretation
is that you do not allow what may be somewhat unclear
to keep you from doing what you understand. The
Bible is plain on the Sabbath.
It was given at creation [Gen.2:1-3], JESUS observed
it [Luke 4:16], Paul,not Peter was chosen for us
Gentiles, kept it holy [Acts 17:2] and all the
non-Jewish early Christians did [Acts 13:42-44] and it
will be observed by all of us in heaven
[Isa.66:22,23]. It is the Lord's day
The Bible mentions two kind of Sabbaths. The
Seventh-day weekly Sabbath and the yearly Sabbath
days. The seventh-day Sabbath, instituted at
creation and part of the Ten Commandments law, is a
weekly reminder of the all loving and powerful creator
GOD JESUS CHRIST!
The yearly Sabbath relates specifically to the history
of Israel. Colossians 2:16,17 directly states "
Let no man judge you regarding Sabbath days which are
a shadow of things to come." The seventh day
Sabbath is a memorial of creation and not a
shadow of something to come.
Hebrews 10:1 connects the law of shadows with animal
sacrifices. A certain law of ordinances was
nailed to the cross. This was a ceremonial law
of types and shadows that pointed forward to the death
of JESUS and that had no further meaning beyond the
This is why Paul said it was contrary to the
Christian. The rent veil in the temple at the
death of CHRIST [Matthew 27:51] indicated the end of
that ordinance of animal sacrifices, and Ephesians
2:15 says that JESUS "abolished....the law of
commandments contained in ordinances."
This is why Paul wrote in Colossians 2:16,17 that we
are no longer judged by meat offerings, drink
offerings, and Sabbath days "which are a shadow of
things to come." Take note that these are
yearly and not weekly Sabbath of the moral law! The
weekly Sabbath was not a shadow to come, but a
memorial of GOD's creation. While the seven
ceremonial yearly Sabbath days were nailed to His
cross, the weekly Seventh day Sabbath was obeyed by
JESUS, the Lord of the Sabbath, in His deathbed.
The false charge of legalism
Keeping holy the sacred marriage vow is no
different than keeping holy of CHRIST's Sabbath.
Both belong to the same moral code of the Decalogue
and require GOD's Holy Spirit. We do not observe
or keep it in order to be saved, but because JESUS our
Saviour from sin [Matthew 1:21] is already keeping us
in a saving relationship. To attempt it in our
own strength, we are bound to fail because it belongs
to GOD's spiritual law that the apostle called good,
holy, spiritual, was his delight and not subject to
the carnal mind which is enmity with GOD
The real culprits
"And the ten horns out of this kingdom, are ten
kings that shall arise: and another shall arise after
them; and he shall be diverse [different] from the
first, and he shall subdue three kings"
When the powerful Roman Empire collapsed, the
10 Arian tribes ruled it and three of them had invaded
and occupied Italy itself. The Roman Emperor
Justinian, eager to show the Arians [Arius was their
teacher that taught Christ was not divine] that Rome
was religious, decreed that the Bishop of Rome should
be the head of the Empire and unite it with paganism
He was certainly different from the other 10 kings.
Generalisimo Belisarius with his Roman legions was
recalled from N.Africa to free the city of Rome and
This was achieved in 538 A.D., five years
after the decree of Justinian. The three kings
and their tribes, the Heruli's, the Ostrogoth's, and
the Vandals were subdued. Daniel 7:8 says they
were plugged up by their roots.
"And he shall speak great words against the most
High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High,
and think to change times and laws: and they shall be
given into his hand until a time, and times and the
dividing of times." [Daniel 7:25]
Romanists have convinced modern Protestants that
this "he" is referring to Antiochus Epiphanes II, to
direct all traffic away from Rome, the real culprit.
This is impossible because the little horn is said to
continue until the judgment [Daniel 7:21,22]. The Pope briefly apologized for all
the atrocities of the past, but this does not
represent a just repentance for the enormity of
burning people to the stake for being found in
possession of the Bible which they had outlawed.
Just as the literal 490 days in Daniel do not reach to
the time of Christ, but perfectly when converted into
years, so does this prophecy. Three and a half
times are three and a half years or 1260 biblical days
and so make 1260 years of papal supremacy from 538
A.D. to 1798 A.D. when Napoleon took the papal see of
the throne of the Empire.
Which times and laws did he think to change?
Antiochus never did, but papal Rome claims
responsibility for the change and than had Emperor
Constantine also make a decree against the Sabbath of
Christ. They took out the second of the 10
Commandments which forbids idols and images so they
could bring in paganism into Christianity. They
than divided the last of the Ten Commandments into two
and moved up the numbers. That's why you see in
all Catechisms that the fourth has become the third
command and so on to make up the numbers again.
No human is allowed to touch GOD's holy law!
GOD's law regarding time is the seventh-day Sabbath
they changed from Saturday to Sunday. GOD's
Sabbath time starts at sundown Friday evening, but
Rome transferred this time of the solemnity to
the darkest hour of midnight. Pope Gregory made
changes to our modern Calendar, but never effected the
days of the week. So, this is what is meant by
changing times and laws in Daniel 7:25, the end-time
Not wanting to change back to the true Sabbath of GOD
and His CHRIST, Protestants are defending now papal
traditions with all the excuses possible.
To prepare the way for the work which he designed to
accomplish, Satan had led the Jews, before the advent
of Christ, to load down the Sabbath with the most
rigorous exactions, making its observance a burden.
After the time of Christ, Christians generally
continued to observe the Sabbath, but Rome made it a
day of fasting, a day of sadness and gloom, while
Sunday was made a festival of recreation and not
thought of in honor of the resurrection till much
Protestants now urge that the resurrection of Christ
on Sunday made it the Christian Sabbath. But
Scriptures evidence is lacking. No such honor
was given by Christ and the Apostles.
The observance of Sunday as a Christian institution
had its origin in that "mystery of lawlessness"
[2.Thessalonians 2:7 R.V.] which, even in Paul's day,
had begun its work.
About the close of the eighth century, papists put
forth the claim that in the first ages of the church
the bishops of Rome possessed the same spiritual power
which they now assumed. To establish this claim,
some means must be employed to give it a show of
authority; and this was readily suggested by the
father of lies. Ancient writings were forged by
monks. Decrees of councils before unheard of
were discovered, establishing the supremacy of the
pope from earlier times. [The two main forgeries are
the donation of Constantine and the Pseudo-Isidorian
Paganism had given place to the papacy. The
dragon had given to the beast "his power, and
his seat, and great authority." Revelation 13:2
and now began the the 1260 years of papal oppression
foretold in the prophecies of Daniel and the
Revelation. Daniel 7:25; Revelation 13:5-7
In Matthew 24 Jesus said: "But pray that your
flight will not be in the winter nor on the Sabbath
day." [v.20]. Here He clearly shows that the
sacredness of His own Sabbath [Matth.12:8] had to be
observed. Objectors hold onto straws when they
try and tell us that because the gates of the city
were shut on Sabbath. But our Lord first
mentions the whole season of winter in which they had
time to flee. Roman legions surrounded Jerusalem
and left without a reason only to return two years
later to destroy the city. Two years gave them
plenty of time to flee.
Fallen Protestants are eager to believe the Jesuits of
Rome, that the little horn power of Daniel 7:25 was
King Antiochus, but refuse to believe Rome when she
claims that the change of the Sabbath was her act.
See Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica,II,p.122,a.4 ad4.
or the Augsburg Confession of Faith.
Protestants now argue against CHRIST'S ~Sabbath
by saying it was not the papacy nor the Church of
Rome, but the early Church "FATHERS". Little do
they realize that these were Apostates who assumed the
forbidden title of "FATHERS" just as the priests of
Rome and England do today.
IS THE SABBATH A STUMBLING BLOCK TO REACH THE
The charge that the Sabbath is a stumbling block
that gets in the way of many
coming to Christ, is a serious accusation leveled
against the Lord of the Sabbath Himself.
This accusation ignores that the Sabbath is Christs
gracious invitation to come to Him to
find rest in Him. Through the Sabbath Christ invites
us to stop our work, so that He can
work in us more fully and freely. This is the message
of Hebrews 4:10, which speaking of
the Sabbath, says: Anyone who enters Gods rest also
rest from his own work, just as
God did from His (NIV). Simply stated, we rest from
our work on the seventh day in
order to enter into Gods rest.
The Sabbath has always been a stumbling block for
many people, but the
reason is to be found not in the nature of the
commandment itself, but in the condition of
the human heart. Those who wish to spend the Sabbath
time seeking for pleasure and
profit, rather than for the peace and presence of God,
obviously find the day a stumbling
block. But Jesus never taught to do away with His
commandments, if they proved to be
a stumbling block to a marketing oriented church
growth. Instead He said: If you love me,
keep my commandments (John 14:10).
Christ spent much of His public ministry teaching
people how to keep the
Sabbath, not as rules to obey, but people to love.
More coverage is given in the
Gospels to the Sabbath teachings and healings of Jesus
than to any other aspects of
His ministry. The reason is that Jesus believed that
proper Sabbathkeeping is important
to the spiritual growth of His followers.
The self-centeredness of the human heart largely
explains why the Sabbath
commandment has been under the constant crossfire of
controversy, Over 3000 treatises
disputing the Sabbath have been published since the
Reformation. There has been no
major controversy over the other 9 commandments of the
Decalogue. Why? Most likely
because the Sabbath touches us in our intimacy more
deeply than any other
commandment. It summons us to consecrate the 24 hours
of the seventh day to God.
Most people are very touchy about their time. They
want to use their Sabbath time to
pursue their own interests.
The Sabbath is a stumbling block for many, because it
challenges us to offer to
God not lip-service by going to church for one hour on
Sunday morning or on Saturday
afternoon, but the service of our total being by
giving priority to God in our thinking and
living during the 24 hours of the seventh day.
An article entitled Saturday Night Live at Church,
published in the Sunday
magazine of the Lords Day Alliance of the USA,
indicates that about 10,000 American
Protestant churches are now following the examples of
Catholic Churches by anticipating
the first Sunday service to Saturday afternoon. One of
the churches mentioned is the
Willow Creek Community Church, which features two
services on Saturday night.
To be willing on the seventh day to withdraw from the
world of things in order to
meet the invisible God in the quietness of our souls
means to show in a tangible way our
love, loyalty, and devotion to God. It means to be
willing to tune out the hundreds of
voices and noises that clamor for attention, in order
to tune our souls to God and to hear
It means not merely to sandwich in one hour of worship
for God in a hectic day
spent seeking for selfish pleasure or profit but
rather to serve God wholly during the
Sabbath, by offering Him the service of our total
being. The unique opportunity the
Sabbath provides to serve the Lord makes the day,
not a stumbling block, but a stepping
stone to come to Christ and fellowship with Him
more fully and freely on His Holy Day.
AN UNPRECEDENTED INTEREST FOR THE SABBATH
It is hard to believe that the Pastor Taylor finds the
Sabbath a stumbling block for
people to come to Christ, when many today are
expressing an unprecedented interest for
the Sabbath. Church leaders, religious organization,
and people of all walks of life, are
rediscovering the validity and values of the Sabbath
for their lives. The newly released
Directory of Sabbath-Observing Group, lists 400
Sabbatarian churches and groups in America, most of
which have come into existence
within the past thirty years.
Surprisingly, even within mainline denominations
(Baptist, Methodists, Mennonite,
and Pentecostal), there are churches that are moving
their services from Sunday to
Saturday. A brief report of this development is found
in chapter 7 of THE SABBATH
UNDER CROSSFIRE. The chapter is entitled
Rediscovering the Sabbath.
For the sake of brevity I will mention only one
Southern Baptist Church which I
have known personally. On February 11-12, 1999 I was
invited to present my Sabbath
Enrichment Seminar at La Sierra University, in
Riverside, California, . On Friday evening,
at the end of my testimony, the University Pastor, Dan
Smith, alerted me that Pastor
Allan Stanfield of the First Baptist Church of Lucerne
Valley, was sitting in the last pew
with some of his church members. We visited with
Pastor Stanfield for half an hour and I
gave him a gift copy of my latest book THE SABBATH
Pastor Stanfield came back next Sabbath morning and
Sabbath afternoon. Upon
leaving on Saturday evening he told me that he was
eager to rediscover the Sabbath for
himself and his congregation. A week later he ordered
a case of THE SABBATH UNDER
CROSSFIRE, which he passed out to the leading families
of his congregation. For the
next six weeks his members met on Wednesday night to
study the Sabbath, using the
book as a study guide. Then on Wednesday evening,
April 21, 1999, the church held a
business meeting in which they voted almost
unanimously to move their church services
from Sunday to Saturday. The following Saturday, April
24, the church worshipped for the
first time on the seventh-day Sabbath. Since then
other Southern Baptist churches have
followed the same example. Surprisingly, they have
been able to remain within the
Southern Baptist convention.---Dr. Samuele Bacchiocchi
History of the Sabbath
This is a brief summation from historical sources of
many groups who have kept the seventh-day Sabbath down
Before the Jews kept the Sabbath, it was known in
Babylon: "The Sabbath rest was a Babylonian, as well
as a Hebrew, institution. Its origin went back to
pre-Semitic days. . .In the cuneiform tablets the
Sabbatu is described as 'a day of rest for the soul,'
. . .it was derived by the Assyrian scribes from two
Sumerian, or pre-Semitic words, sa and bat, which
meant respectively 'heart' and 'ceasing'. . .The rest
enjoined on the Sabbath was thus as complete as it was
among the Jews." Higher Criticism and the Monuments,
"According to the Assyrian-Babylonian conception, the
particular stress lay necessarily upon the number
seven. . . .The whole week pointed prominently toward
the seventh day, the feast day, the rest day, in this
day it collected, in this it also consummated.
'Sabbath' is derived from both 'rest' and 'seven.'
With the Egyptians, it was the reverse. . . .For them,
on the contrary, the sun god was the beginning and
origin of all things. The day of the sun, Sunday,
therefore, became necessarily for them the feast day.
. . .The holiday was transferred from the last to the
first day of the week." Truels Lund, Daglige Liv I
Norden, V. 13, pp. 54-55.
That the seven-day week, and the seventh-day Sabbath
were prehistoric in origin is shown by the fact that
they are known in many different cultures around the
world. Most cultures have always observed the
seven-day week. And though most of them no longer
rest on the seventh day, yet in a great many of the
world's languages, the name of the seventh day is
still "Sabbath" or "rest day."
Although there is no Biblical command to keep Sunday
in the New Testament, yet the custom of celebrating
the resurrection of Christ on that day came into the
church quite early.
It probably was influenced by the fact that Sunday was
the weekly celebration of the sun god, Mithra, whose
worship was very popular in the Roman Empire at that
time. So, all around the Christians, the Sunday was a
holiday. And it seemed reasonable to them to make it
a day of celebration of the resurrection.
But for many years nearly all Christians also kept the
seventh-day Sabbath, according to the commandment
This is shown by a statement of the church historian,
Socrates, written about 400 A.D.:
"For although almost all the churches throughout the
world celebrate the sacred mysteries on the Sabbath of
every week, yet the Christians of Alexandria and at
Rome, on account of some ancient tradition, have
ceased to do this." Ecclesiastical History, book 5,
chapter 22. Found in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers.
Also about 400 A.D. Sozomen, another church historian,
"The people of Constantinople, and almost everywhere,
assemble together on the Sabbath, as well as on the
first day of the week, which custom is never observed
at Rome or at Alexandria." Sozomen, Ecclesiatical
History, book 7, chapter 19. Ibid.
There were several reasons the church at Rome stopped
keeping the Sabbath. For one thing, the Jews were
being persecuted, and they didn't want to be
identified with them.
Emperor Constantine decided that he wished to unite
all his empire under one religion. He chose
Christianity, but, to make the move more acceptable to
his pagan subjects, he encouraged the blending of the
religion of Christ, and the religion of Mithra. He
made the first Sunday law, and the keeping of Sabbath
was discouraged. This came at the same time as many
other changes came into the church from paganism,
including images in the churches, etc..
At the Synod of Laodicea (365 A.D.) the council passed
a decree: "Christians must not Judaize by resting on
the Sabbath, but must work on that day." Council of
Laodicea, Canon 29, found in Scribner's Nicene and
Post-Nicene Fathers, 2nd series, vol. 14, p. 148.
The Church at Rome took several steps to persuade or
force Christians to stop resting on the Sabbath. They
labeled it "Judaizing," and commanded that the Sabbath
be a fast day, while the Sunday was to be a festival.
Persecution was launched again and again against those
who did not yield in this and other things, to the
dictation of the Roman Church. Many fled.
Still, even the popes found it hard to stamp this
practice out of the area they ruled, and impossible in
those churches beyond their reach.
In 602, Pope Gregory issued a bull in which he branded
those Christians who believed in keeping the seventh
day as "Judaizers" and "antichrist." See Epistles of
Gregory I, collection 13, ep 1, found in Nicene and
Post-Nicene Fathers, second series, vol. 13.
Many churches beyond the reach of Rome continued to
rest and worship on the seventh day. Here is a record
of some of them.
Many Christians fled to the Alps. They were called,
among other things, the Waldenses, or people of the
"Now this district, on the eastern side of the Cottian
Alps, is the precise country of the Vallenses (Waldenses).
Hither their ancestors retired, during the
persecutions of the second and third and fourth
centuries here providentially secluded from the world,
they retained the precise doctrines and practices of
the primitive church, endeared to them by suffering
and exile while the wealthy inhabitants of cities and
fertile plains, corrupted by a now opulent and
gorgeous and powerful clergy, were daily sinking
deeper and deeper into that apostasy which has been so
graphically foretold by the great apostle."Faber, The
Ancient Vallenses and Albigenses, pp. 293-4.
"The Walsenses took the Bible as their only rule of
faith, abhorred the idolatry of the papal church, and
rejected their traditions, holidays, and even Sunday,
but kept the seventh day Sabbath, and used the
apostolic mode of baptism." Facts of Faith, p. 121,
by Christian Edwardson.
For centuries evangelical bodies, especially the
Waldenses, were called "Insabbati," or "Ensavates,"
or "Insabbatati," because they kept the Sabbath. See
Ussher, Gravissimae Quaestionis de Christianarum
Ecclesiarum Successione, chapter 8, par. 4.
In the 1200's a Waldensian prisoner testified before
the Inquisition as follows: "Barbara von Thies
testified... that on the last Saint Michael's day
concerning confession as it is administered by the
priests she has nothing to do with it. As to that
which has to do with the Virgin Mary, on that she has
nothing to answer. Concerning Sunday and the feast
days she says, 'The Lord God commanded us to rest on
the seventh day and with that I let it be, with God's
help and His grace, we all would stand by and die in
the faith, for it is the right faith and the right way
to Christ.' " Der Blutige Schau-Plats, Oder Martyrer
Spiegel der Taufs Gesinnien, book 2, pp. 30-31.
When the reformers and the Waldenses met, there were a
few who were still keeping the Sabbath.
For more than 1700 years the Christian Churches of
Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) continued to keep the seventh
In A.D. 1534 the Abyssinian Ambassador appealed to
Portugal for protection from the Mohammedans. When
asked why they kept the seventh day, he answered:
"On the Sabbath day, because God, after He had
finished the creation of the world, rested thereon
which day, as God would have it called the Holy of
Holies, so the not celebrating thereof with great
honor and devotion seems to be plainly contrary to
God's will and precept, Who will suffer heaven and
earth to pass away sooner than His Word and that
especially since Christ came not to dissolve the law,
but to fulfil it. It is not therefore in imitation of
the Jews, but in obedience to Christ and His holy
Apostles that we observe that day. . . We do observe
the Lord's day after the manner of all other
Christians, in memory of Christ's resurrection."
Geddis, The Church History of Ethiopia. pp. 87, 88.
Ambrose, the celebrated bishop of Milan said that when
he was in Milan, he observed Saturday, but when in
Rome, he fasted on Saturday and observed Sunday. This
gave rise to the proverb, "When in Rome, do as the
Romans do." See Heylyn, The History of the Sabbath,
1612, p. 416.
"As to the charge that certain churches were Judaizing,
the minutes of the synod at Liftinne (the modern
Estinnes), Belgium, 743 A.D., give more particular
information. Dr. Karl Jo von Hefele writes, 'The third
allocation of this council warns against the
observance of the Sabbath, referring to the decree of
the Council of Laodicea.' (Hefele, Concilliengeschichte,
Vol. 3, p. 512.) B.G. Wilkinson, Truth Triumphant, p.
The Celts in Britain:
"The Celts used a Latin Bible unlike the Vulgate, and
kept Saturday as a day of rest, with special religious
services on Sunday." A.C. Flick (historian), The Rise
of the Medieval Church, p. 237.
"It seems to have been customary in the Celtic
churches of early times, in Ireland as well as
Scotland, to keep Saturday the Jewish sabbath, as a
day of rest from labor. They obeyed the fourth
commandment literally upon the seventh day of the
week." Andrew Lang, A History of Scotland, Vol. 1, p.
It is recorded of (Saint) Columba, an Irishman, born
in 521 A.D., who was a great missionary and religious
leader of Scotland--when he lay dying: "Having
continued his labors in Scotland thirty four years, he
clearly and openly foretold his death, and on
Saturday, the ninth of June, said to his disciple
Diermit: 'This day is called the Sabbath, that is,
the day of rest, and such it will truly be to me for
it will put an end to my labors.' " Butler, Lives of
the Saints, Vol. 6, p.139.
King Malcolm III of Scotland, about the year 1058
A.D., married an English princess named Margaret. As
queen, she brought the Roman Church to Scotland. She
brought about a Sunday law.
"The queen further protested against the prevailing
abuse of Sunday desecration. 'Let us,' she said,
'venerate the Lord's day, inasmuch as upon it our
Saviour rose from the dead. Let us do no servile work
on that day.' . . . The Scots, in this matter, had no
doubt kept up the traditional practice of the ancient
manastic Church of Ireland (Patrick's church), which
observed Saturday rather than Sunday as a day of
rest." Bellesheim, History of the Catholic Church of
Scotland. Vol. I, pp. 249, 250.
"There is much evidence that the Sabbath prevailed in
Wales universally until A.D. 1115, when the first
Roman bishop was seated at St. David's. The old Welsh
Sabbath-keeping churches did not even then altogether
bow the knee to Rome, but fled to their hiding places
where the ordinances of the gospel to this day have
been administered in their primitive mode without
being adulterated by the corrupt Church of Rome."
Lewis, Seventh Day Baptists in Europe and America,
Vol. I, p. 29.
Early Greek Orthodox
"The observance of Saturday is, as everyone knows, the
subject of a bitter dispute between the Greeks and
Latins (Rome)." John Mason Neale, A History of the
Holy Eastern Church, General Introduction, Vol. I, p.
In A.D. 1054 the pope sent three legates to
Constantinople. Among others, the following charge
was made: "Because you observe the Sabbath with the
Jews and the Lord's Day with us, you seem to imitate
with such observances the sect of Nazarenes who in
this manner accept Christianity in order that they be
not obliged to leave Judaism." Migne, Patrologia
Latina, Vol. 145, p. 506.
Eastern churches--the Orient
Speaking of the Nestorians in Kurdistan: "The
Nestorian fasts are very numerous, meat being
forbidden on 152 days. They eat no pork, and keep
both the Sabbath and Sunday. They believe in neither
auricular confession nor purgatory, and permit their
priests to marry." Schaff-Herzog, The New
Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, article
Josephus Abudacnus, in the 1700's, in his history of
the Jacobites, writes, "Our author states that the
Jacobites assembled on the Sabbath day, before the
Dommical day (Sunday), in the temple, and kept that
day, as also the Abyssinians as we have seen from the
confession of their faith by the Ethiopian king
Claudius. . . From this it appears that the Jacobites
have kept the Sabbath as well as the Dommical day, and
still continue to keep it." Historia Jacobitarum, p.
Thomas Yeates, who traveled largely in the Orient,
writing of many Christians in the East, said that
Saturday "amongst them is a festival day agreeable to
the ancient practice of the church." Yeates, East
India Church History." p. 72.
In the time of the reformation
"All the counsellors and great lords of the court, who
were already fallen in with the doctrines of
Wittenburg, of Ausburg, Geneva, and Zurich, as
petrowitz, Jasper Cornis, Christopher Famigali, John
Gerendi, head of the Sabbatarians, a people who did
not keep Sunday, but Saturday, and whose disciples
took the names of Genoldists. All these, and others,
declared for the opinions of Blandrat." Lamy, The
History of Socinianism, p. 60.
Erasmus testifies that even as late as about 1500 many
Bohemians not only kept the seventh day scrupulously,
but also were called Sabbatarians. See Cox, The
Literature of the Sabbath Question, Vol. II, pp.
After the time of the reformation, the Seventh Day
Baptists formed their denomination, which is still in
existence. The first record I have found of
in America was when Stephan Mumford from London, a
Seventh Day Baptist, settled in Rhode Island in 1664.
Samuel Ward, also a Seventh Day Baptist, was governor
of Rhode Island in 1765. He was a delegate to the
Continental Congress in 1774, and, had he not died,
would probably have been a signer of the Declaration
It was from the Seventh Day Baptists that some
Adventists learned of the seventh-day Sabbath, and the
Seventh-day Adventist Church was organized in 1863.
The Seventh-day Adventist Church is now a world-wide
Church, and the keeping of the seventh day has gone
everywhere with them.
Doubtful Authorities for Sunday-keepers
Now here is a strange thing. Sunday supporters, with a
show of great
triumph, quote Ignatius, Barnabas,
Irenaeus, Clement, Tertullian,
Augustine, and others to prove that first-day
early, because the writings of these men speak
favorably of the
observance of the first day of the week. Little do
they realize that
the Roman Catholics go to these same writings to prove
no other church in the world practices or believes
today except the
Roman Catholic Church. So instead of actually proving
the first day is
the day to keep, they are proving that the prophecy of
Daniel 7:25 and
the prophecy of Paul that the falling away would
develop more rapidly
immediately following his departure actually took
place. The point is
this: The testimony of these early fathers, instead of
first day is the day to keep, actually proves that it
is not; it
points out that Sunday-keeping was adopted from the
worshipers and is a counterfeit of the true Sabbath
counterfeit witnesses to the truth of Paul's
prediction about the
falling away. We notice that all defenders of
quote Ignatius (AD 101) as favoring the first
day instead of the
seventh. We have before us Cardinal Gibbons'
Faith of Our Fathers. We
open the book to the chapter in which he is trying to
prove that the
priest turns the bread into God, and that this bread
should be bowed
to and worshiped as God. To prove this idolatry should
he quotes Ignatius condemning people of his day
"because they confess
not that the Eucharist is the flesh of our Savior
Jesus Christ." -
page 297. There is no dogma that the Roman Catholic
Church holds today
more strongly than that the wafer over which the
some Latin words is the actual Son of God. Such a
gross error leads me
to conclude that the writings of Ignatius witness to
"falling away" rather than to the fact that the first
day is the day
to be kept. The fact that he endorsed first-day
observance is against
it rather than for it-unless we are going to be Roman
(Those who quote these early Fathers neglect to inform
that scholars have grave reason to doubt the
authorship of these
writings, especially those credited to Ignatius
Where are these writings of the early Fathers to be
found? We have
before us quite a large volume called The Lost
Books of the Bible. The
preface says these writings were "not included in the
Testament." On page 172 of this book (which is filled
with all sorts
of follies and fables) I find "The Epistle of
Ignatius to the
Magnesians," and it is in this "epistle" that there is
favoring first-day keeping. How few there are who when
is quoted in books and pamphlets written in opposition
to the Sabbath
know that it comes from The Lost Books of the Bible!
read from this book of fables with the same show of
respect as though it were the Word of God. Another
early writer often
quoted in favor of first-day observance is Barnabas.
We find his
writing on page 153 of Lost Books of the Bible. We are
ashamed to quote
the things contained in these pages; we shall merely
refer the reader
to them, but at the same time I would be far more
ashamed lo read from
such a source to prove first-day sacredness! Those
ministers who quote
from these sources know there is not one in a thousand
.anything about the "epistle of Barnabas," and they
can take advantage
of this ignorance to prove something which they cannot
prove by the
Justin Martyr is another "authority" that is
greatly relied upon to
prove first-day sacredness. On page 297 of Faith of
Cardinal Gibbons quotes Martyr to prove that the bread
Christ: "The Eucharist is both the flesh and blood of
incarnate Jesus." Nobody believes that today except
Catholics. All these "authorities" prove what Paul
meant when he said
that after his "departure," men would arise "speaking
things," and the fact that these writings (supposed to
have been done
by these men) are claimed to have been written right
after the death
of the apostles shows what Paul meant when he said,
"The mystery of
iniquity does already work." Clement of Alexandria
is another one of
the early Fathers. We find that he is another one
whose writings go to
make up The Lost Books of the Bible. He
is supposed to have written
his epistles one hundred years after the death of the
last apostle. He
says that by that time the seventh day had "become
nothing more than a
working day." Thus do we see that the church to which
he belonged was
gradually ceasing to observe the seventh day and
leaning more and more
toward the day of the sun. Just how reliable his
writings are may be
gathered from the following, which I dare to quote
"There is a certain bird called Phoenix; of this there
is never but
one at a time; and that lives 500 years. And when the
time of its
dissolution draws near, that it must die, it makes
itself a nest of
frankincense, and myrrh, and other spices into which
when its time is
fulfilled it enters and dies. But its flesh
putrefying, breeds a
certain worm, which being nourished with the juice of
the dead bird
brings forth feathers; and when it is grown to a
perfect state, it
takes up the nest in which the bones of its parents
lie, and carries
it from Arabia into Egypt. And flying in open day in
the sight of all
men, lays it upon the altar of the sun, and so returns
from whence it
came." Think about being compelled to read from such a
source to prove
Sunday had become the Sabbath! Note how he mentions
the altar of the
sun, from which comes sun-day and the observance of
the first day of
the week. No wonder he had come to recognize the
seventh day as no
more than a working day. How natural it was that as he
turned from the
true Sabbath, he leaned more and more to Sunday! At
the risk of
wearying the reader with further quotations from such
writers as we
are examining, I have two more to quote from. I quote
because they are read from with confidence in an
effort to prove
Sunday sacredness. One of these is Tertullian,
and the other is
Eusebius. Tertullian is supposed to have lived
shortly after the death
of the apostles. Cardinal Gibbons relies to the utmost
to prove some of the absurd Roman Catholic doctrines.
On page 3 of Faith of Our Fathers, Gibbons says:
"It is also a very ancient and pious practice for the
faithful to make
on their person, the sign of the cross saying at the
same time: 'In
the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the
Tertullian, who lived in the second century of
the Christian era,
says: 'In all our actions, when we come in or go out,
when we dress
and when we wash, at our meals, before retiring to
sleep, we form on
our foreheads the form of the cross. These practices
are not commanded
by a formal law of Scripture; but tradition teaches
confirms them, faith observes them.' " Roman Catholics
things today. Gibbons quotes Tertullian again:
" 'The faithful wife
will pray for the soul of her deceased husband,
particularly on the
anniversary day of his falling asleep. And if she fail
to do so, she
has repudiated her husband as far as it lies in her.'
" You see,
Gibbons was trying to prove prayers for the dead.
There is nothing in
the Bible about this, so he goes to Tertullian.
This is the same thing
that is done in trying to prove first-day keeping. If
this man wrote
what is attributed to him, he was certainly one of the
builders of the
Roman Catholic Church.
Eusebius, in AD 324, wrote, "We have
transferred the duties of the
Sabbath to Sunday." Who are the "we"? Certainly not
the apostles. They
could not do so after the testament was ratified by
the death of the
Testator on the cross. When Eusebius says, "We have
duties of the Sabbath to Sunday," it reminds us again
of what Paul
foretold about those who, after his death, would speak
things, to draw away disciples after them." (Acts
20:30.) This last
quotation from these early Fathers is dated AD 324.
Just three years
before, in 321, Constantine, half Christian and
half pagan, made the
first law to keep the "Venerable day of the sun."
Translated from the
Latin, it reads: "Let all the judges and townspeople
occupations of all trades rest upon the venerable day
of the sun. But
let those who are situated in the country, freely and
at full liberty
attend to the business of agriculture. Because it
often happens that
no other day is so fit for the sowing of corn or the
vines, lest the critical moment being let slip, men
should lose the
commodities of heaven. Given this 7th day of March,
Constantine being consuls each of them for the second
Note the following quotations from the Vatican
II Council: "As St. Irenaeus says, she being
obedient, BECAME THE CAUSE OF SALVATION for herself
and for the whole human race. Hence not a few of
the early Fathers gladly assert with him in
their preaching ... 'death through Eve, LIFE THROUGH
MARY.' This UNION OF THE MOTHER WITH THE SON IN THE
WORK OF SALVATION is made manifest from the time of
Christ's virginal conception up to his death"
(Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, chap. 8, II,
56, pp. 380-381).
Isn't this preposterous? Isn't this blasphemous?
It will be noted that at that time working on Sunday
was the general
rule. It will be noticed that the day was not known by
Christian title. It was called the venerable day of
the sun. Thus do
we see that little by little the true Sabbath was
being discarded and
Sunday was coming into recognition.
THE LAW AND THE SABBATH By Allen Walker
Ignatius was a rather eccentric bishop of Antioch [NT
Christians did not have bishops and Cardinals]
around A.D. 110. Condemned to die for his faith, he
was shipped to Rome to be eaten by animals. On the
way he wrote seven letters that have become famous.
In his letter to the Magnesians he spoke, according
to a typical translator of "living......for the
Lord's day." The translator assumed that
Ignatius wanted Christians to focus their life-style
on Christ's joyous resurrection.
However, the Greek word for "day" does not occur in
what appears to be the earliest Greek text for this
passage. The Greek adjective for "Lord's" is
present, implying a noun which it modifies. But
there is no noun. At some unknown time prior to the
eleventh century, a Greek editor supplied a noun,
but the noun he chose was not the word for "day";
rather it was the word for "life". Thus this unknown
Greek editor made the passage read "living...for the
Lord's life," meaning perhaps, that a Christian's
life-style should harmonize with Christ's life-style
which differs with what most modern churches teach
today.---source: Ignatius, To the Magnesians,9;Loeb
Classical library, Apostolic Fathers, 1:205, Compare
the trans. in AFN 1:62, observing that the right
hand column represents a spurious interpolated
edition which originated more then 200 years after
Ignatius's death. 2.] Fritz Guy, "The Lord's Day in
Magnesians, Andrews edu, 1964;1-17 and Richard B.
Lewis, Ignatius and the Lord's Day, 1968 Seminar
studies,6 1968, 46-59.
Be Ready to Give an Answer
Carol Humphreys, Th.D.
This is not about what a church teaches, or about
indoctrination. This is about what the BIBLE says. I
care that a church teaches the Bible, but this has
nothing at all to do with my church, only Biblical and
I have been met with a tremendous amount of statements
from people over the years claiming that the 7th day
Sabbath is not any longer a day that needs to be kept.
Sometimes their statements nearly stumped me and I had
to do some research before I had the answer. I felt
that offering a compilation of all these statements
with accurate Biblical and historical responses would
be handy for people to reference, which is why I have
taken the time to write it. I hope it will be helpful
Statements and Responses
Regarding the 7th Day Sabbath
Statement = S Response = R,
S = The Sabbath was done away.
R = Nowhere does the Bible state that the Sabbath was
done away with. This would have been made crystal
clear if a Commandment was done away with, but there
is not one text that states anything like that. We are
even told in Isaiah 66:21-23 that in heaven and in the
new earth we will worship God on the Sabbath. Why
would He make a day holy, command that it be a part of
what designates sin, do away with it (with no clear
text at all), only to reinstate its importance in
Heaven and on the new earth? That doesnt make any
sense at all, especially with a God who doesnt
change. People made the change, but nowhere does God
condone that change.
S = It doesnt matter what day you keep, as long as
you keep one in seven.
R = If God had not specified a day, then Id say that
However, He was very specific He said it is the 7th
day and He also blessed and hallowed it at the end of
Creation so we would remember Who our Creator is! The
7th day is the only day in the Bible that was blessed
and hallowed. With God being specific, we cannot say
this isnt important to Him.
We also have many texts that tell us that the Ten
Commandments are important to God! 1 John 2:3-4 tells
us: And hereby we do know that we know him, if we
keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and
keepeth not his commandments is a liar, and the truth
is not in him. 1 John 3:4 says: Whosoever committeth
sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the
transgression of the law. 1 John 5:2 says: By this
we know that we love the children of God, when we love
God, and keep his commandments. Revelation 14:12
tells us: Here is the patience of the saints; here
are they that keep the commandments of God, and the
faith of Jesus.
S = The Sabbath was changed because Jesus rose on
R = It is true that Jesus was resurrected sometime
between sundown Sabbath and before dawn Sunday. (When
the women went to the sepulcher at or before dawn, He
was already gone. - Sunrise services are from
paganism). Jesus asked us to remember His death and
resurrection by taking communion and by baptism. Had
He wished for anything else, He would have asked for
it before He died. This excuse came about when the
people questioned the leaders of the early Roman
Church (early 300s A.D.) when they were shocked that
this church was bringing in Sunday services along with
the Sabbath services to make things easier for the
heather to be converted.
Another point is that although Jesus rose early on the
day we call Sunday, Paul had ample opportunities when
speaking about the resurrection even in 1 Cor 15:4
says that Jesus was raised on the third day. At no
time does Paul make an issue of it being the first day
of the week. Had Paul wished to convey any importance
of Sunday as being holy due to the resurrection, it
seems he would have made it clear here.
S = Galatians 3:25 tells us that since faith has come,
were no longer under the supervision of the law.
R = Notice that this verse says supervision (KJV
says schoolmaster). Jesus clearly told us that He
was putting His laws into our hearts we no longer
have priests and others watching us to see if we sin.
Its between us and our High Priest, Jesus, who is in
heaven. This does not mean a change in the Sabbath or
any other of the Ten Commandments.
S = 1 Corinthians 16:2 clearly tells us that the
Sabbath was changed. It says: Upon the first day of
the week, let every one of you lay by him in store, as
God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings
when I come. The people were instructed here to
attend church on the first day, not the 7th!
R = This text has nothing at all to do with a change
in the Sabbath. First of all, God has told us He does
not change! Ps 89:34 says: My covenant will I not
break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my
lips. Malachi 3:6 says: For I am the Lord, I change
not and Hebrews 13:8 tells us that Jesus Christ the
same yesterday, and to day, and for ever. God tells
us in so many places that the Sabbath is very
important if the God whom the Bible tells us does
not change or alter what He says was going to change
a Commandment, it would have been very, VERY clear in
the Bible, not a vague text.
Regarding this particular text, the Greek actually
makes it clear that Paul wanted people to put aside
money at home simply so that they wouldnt have to
scramble to gather things when Paul came. History
tells us the people in Jerusalem were having a rough
time, besides the fact that Paul could not carry a lot
to barter with. This has nothing at all to do with any
meeting, any religious service, any change in a
Commandment of God. Again, God would not use a vague
text if He had wished to make a change in something as
important as the Commandments!
Another consideration of this is that Paul uses the
Greek "kata mian sabbatou." This means "every first of
the Sabbath/week." The word sabbatou for "week," is
derived from "Sabbath." Since this was not the normal
way to express the first day of the week, it would
require that Sabbath would have to be known to the
people in order to understand this. So, any new
Christians were being instructed about the 7th day
Sabbath, not any indication of anything resembling
sacredness of Sunday.
S = Ephesians 2:14-16 tells us that Jesus broke the
partition between us so that He did away with the law
R = Breaking the partition was meaning that we can go
directly to Jesus for forgiveness and our prayers; we
dont need a priest. When Jesus died, the curtain
(partition) between the Holy and Most Holy Place in
the temple tore in two. This was done supernaturally
since this curtain was made in such a way as to have
been impossible to rent from top to bottom by itself
or during an earthquake, etc. No one thinks that
breaking the partition makes it possible to break any
other Commandment Jesus died because of sin not to
make it possible for us TO sin!
S = Theres no way to know which day really is the
R = Not true! There are many ways to know that the 7th
day we have on our calendars each week is the same as
it always has been. First of all, the Jews have kept
good records back almost to the time of Moses.
Secondly, numerous languages and dialects have some
form of the word Sabbath in their 7th day of the week.
There have been times when the calendar has changed so
that we could make up for the fact that the year is
not exactly 365 days. (It is 365 days, 5 hours, 48
minutes and 47.8 seconds we have leap year now to
make up for that). However, even when the calendar was
changed, the day we know of as Friday the 15th was
preceded that year by Thursday the 4th.
S = Keeping the Sabbath is legalistic.
R = Is refraining from stealing legalistic? If we keep
from murder, taking Gods name in vain, adultery,
etc., is that legalistic? Why only the 4th
Commandment? It is mainly because people do not want
to change what they are used to. There is nothing at
all legalistic about doing what God wants us to do. It
is only when we think that BY doing these things we
have heaven assured. Some people believe legalism is
any donts but again, this seems to mainly apply to
S = The Ten Commandments were given to the Nation of
Israel only. (Deuteronomy 5:1-3). The Sabbath was
never given as a law before Sinai, so it had to be
just for those people.
R = The Sabbath began as a day blessed and sanctified
by God at the end of creation. He could have made a
six day week, but He chose to make a seventh day, and
He chose to bless it prior to sin entering the world
and around 2000 years prior to there being a Nation
of Israel. To have no law prior to Sinai or a
different law prior to Sinai would not only argue with
other texts about what happened before Exodus, but
also mean that would have been a change in a
changeless God. Are we to believe that God would bless
a day, and then have it unknown to man for about 2000
years, then known, then changed, etc.? Why?
During the captivity in Egypt, the Children of Israel
had lost a lot of what had been passed down. Before
this, things were passed down carefully by
word-of-mouth, and the life spans were quite long.
But, when Egypt took them into captivity, they were
given so much work and told what to do, so of course
it was more difficult to keep track of what God wanted
for them. So after the Exodus, it was important that
people had things not only clarified, but put into
writing so there would be no question. That does not
mean they didnt know these things at all, however.
The Sabbath is the only ritual observance put into the
Ten Commandments, but that does not mean it was not
known or kept beforehand. In fact, in Exodus 16:28,
before the Ten Commandments were given at Sinai, and
regarding the Sabbath, God said: How long refuse ye
to keep my commandments and my laws? Why would He
have said that if THIS law was unknown prior to Sinai?
In the New Testament, Jesus said that the Sabbath was
made for man not Jew, but man. Jesus also shared in
Matthew 24 that He wanted people to pray that your
flight be not in the winter, neither on the Sabbath
day. This was regarding both at the destruction of
Jerusalem as well as the end of time. Some claim that
it was just regarding the destruction of Jerusalem.
Even then, if the Sabbath was to be no more after
Jesus death, He would not have made that statement.
He was saying that for all people who cared about what
is important to God.
S = In regard to the question of when the Sabbath was
put into effect, it is noteworthy that the word
Sabbath is not mentioned by name in the book of
Genesis. In spite of this, Sabbatarians seem to find
it in every chapter of the book.
R = We need to look at the Commandment was the day
commanded by God to be holy or the word Sabbath?
Exodus 20:10 tells us that the seventh day is the
Sabbath of the Lord thy God the day is what God is
telling us to keep, not the word Sabbath. That is what
the day is called, which means cease, end, or to
rest. The Commandment tells us it is blessed and
hallowed. Genesis 2:3 tells us God blessed the seventh
day and sanctified it. Obviously this is speaking
about the same thing.
S = Jesus may have blessed the 7th day at the end of
Creation, but there is nothing in these verses in
Genesis regarding ANY responsibility of mankind in
connection with God blessing this day. Sabbatarians
should be careful not to read into these passages
something that is not there at all!
R = Are we to believe that God blessed and sanctified
this day for Himself? Are we to believe that He didnt
want anyone to know He did that? I think the question
is who is reading something OUT of these Scriptures.
Again, before the Commandments were put on the tablets
of stone, God asked the question of how long they
would refuse to keep His laws in connection with the
Sabbath. Would He have done that for people who had no
idea what the law was? Would He make something holy
and not expect that His creations pay attention to
S = It is total assumption and presumption to say that
those living in the period between creation and the
writings of Moses 2500 years later knew of the
creation facts revealed through Moses.
R = Why would the people for 2500 years not know about
the facts of Creation? Was it a secret? Was it
something God didnt want people until the time of
Moses to know and understand? As said prior, people
before the Exodus mostly passed things down by
word-of-mouth; father to son, etc. This worked partly
because the life spans were so long. We know of no
books or other written records being taken onto the
ark, but that doesnt mean that the antediluvians
[people who lived prior to the flood] had no knowledge
From creation to the flood was approximately 1656
years. Adam lived 930 years, and Methuselah lived 969
years. That is the entire time between creation and
the ark with 243 years where both of these men were
living and may well have known each other. Adam knew
about Creation he was there! Are we to suspect that
he was told by God to keep that quiet? It makes more
sense that it is assumption and presumption to say
that those living between creation and the writings of
Moses did NOT know the facts of creation.
S = Romans 10:4 tells us that Christ is the end of
R = People who share this text arent taking a number
of things into consideration. The first is that the
rest of the text says for righteousness. Secondly,
the Bible is very clear from Genesis to Revelation
that the law of the Ten Commandments is very
important. The laws that looked forward to the cross
were things like sacrifices all blood sacrifices
looked toward the cross. Jesus died because of sin,
not to free us TO sin. Do we think God would mind if
we took His name in vain? Did that end? Do we think
God says its no problem to commit adultery, murder or
steal? The only time this text is used is in
relationship to the Sabbath. Jesus WAS the end of the
laws that looked toward His victory on the cross
things like sacrifice laws, Passover (since He was our
Passover Lamb), etc. However, He stated Himself that
He did not come to do away with any of the Ten
Commandments. (Matthew 5:17-19) People latch onto the
text in Romans to try to do away with the Sabbath,
even though there are many texts in the New Testament
that show us that the law of the Ten Commandments is
not done away with.
S = Jesus gave us a new law in Matthew 22:37-40. We
only have to love.
R = The last part of those texts states: on these
hang all the law and the prophets. The first four
Commandments are our duty to God, and the last six are
our duty to man. We need the more specific laws that
are spelled out in the Ten Commandments to tell us HOW
to love, and more importantly how God expects us to
show Him and others love.
S = It is a fallacy to believe that Paul made any
distinction between laws.
R = There are some very huge distinctions between
laws. There are several types of laws There were the
ceremonial laws relating specifically to the worship
of the Israelites. There was a civil law some of
which applies today and some that was specifically for
their time and people. The moral law such as the Ten
Commandments reveals the nature of God and it is
applicable today. These were so important to God that
He wrote them with His finger on tablets of stone and
are the only laws He spoke with His own voice to the
people; the other laws Moses wrote down in a book. The
Ten Commandments were put in the ark, the book in the
side of the ark. (Deuteronomy 32:26). There were
cherubim standing over the ark, and only the High
Priest could go into where the ark was. Id say these
are some very important distinctions.
Now, when Jesus died, all the laws of sacrifices,
which looked forward to His being the Sacrifice, ended
this was the way it was planned, not a change. The
need for the priesthood was over since Jesus became
our High Priest. However, Hebrews 7:12 tells us For
the priesthood being changed, there is made of
necessity a change also of the law. Now, this text
could have been translated just a bit clearer, because
the two words here for change are different words. The
word changed is metatithemi which means transport
and the second change is metathesis which means
transferal to heaven. Basically this text should say
that the Priesthood being transferred or conveyed [to
Jesus] there became a necessity of transferal to
heaven of the law. Therefore, He is in charge of the
law, which is only right He is our High Priest. Sin
is the transgression of the law. That is stated in 1
John 3:4 New Testament, New Covenant.
S = Colossians 2:16-17 show us that the Sabbath looked
forward to the cross and was done away with we have
been set free from this by Christ.
R = There were many celebration days that were called
Sabbaths. There was even a Sabbath of years for the
land to rest. The Sabbaths that are mentioned in these
texts are such Sabbaths as the Passover, etc. Nothing
about the weekly Sabbath was a shadow of Christ. It
was set down before sin even entered the world. All
the things that were shadows of Jesus were sacrificial
laws and ceremonies along with the priesthood. We see
in verse 14 that it says: Blotting out the
handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which
was contrary to us, and took it out of the way,
nailing it to his cross. Were Gods laws against us?
Deut 10:12-13 and Ps. 197:7 tells us that they were
for our good.
We also see down in Colossians 2:21-22 that what
perished were sacrificial ordinances, as well as
stating after the commandments and doctrines of men.
Gods Ten Commandments were certainly not of men.
Besides this, Paul does not use the term nomos [Greek
law] here at all. So, actually, it would be more
reasonable to believe that Paul wasnt even talking
about the ceremonial laws in part of this chapter, but
rather instructing the Christians not to allow the
others to tell them how to worship or live.
S = Hosea 2:11 shows us a prophecy that God would end
the need for the Sabbath.
R = Hosea 2 is a prophecy about Israel turning to
other gods. God was not going to be happy or accept
people worshipping certain ways that had nothing at
all to do with Him. It speaks of the relationship of
God and Israel as a marriage. If I do things for my
husband but go out and cheat on him, even the things
that normally would be pleasing to him are going to be
hurtful and disgusting. Hosea has nothing at all with
doing away with the 7th day Sabbath.
S = If we obey God, it is out of love, not necessity.
After Jesus paid the penalty for our sins, we no
longer are under the law, therefore, do not have to do
any of it.
R = Yes, we should obey God out of love, but that does
not mean it is not necessary! Salvation was a plan set
down before the world was created on the contingency
of sin. Therefore, there is nothing we can do one way
or the other to influence the decision for Jesus to
come and die for us. That does NOT mean that obedience
is optional. Revelation tells us that if we overcome
we shall not be hurt of the second death. If there is
no necessity of obedience, what do we need to
overcome? Since Genesis to Revelation tells us that
the Ten Commandments are very important to God, as
well as the standard by which we are judged, Id say
they are important!
S = We are under grace, not under a covenant of works.
R = In the O.T., we find that while showing Adam and
Eve the consequences of sin, God also shared that he
would provide a Savior (Gen 3:15). Adam and Eve could
not save themselves, so God, by grace, provided the
escape. We see this again in the tabernacle services.
The key element of them is that God forgave (an act of
grace) anyone who confessed that he/she had sinned and
asked forgiveness (Lev 16:16-31). These sins were
brought by the priest to God and forgiven. This
priestly function is now performed by True High Priest
- Jesus (1 Tim 2:5, Heb 4:14-16; 7:25). The Old
Covenant was just as much a covenant of grace as the
New. The difference is that the New Covenant has God's
law written on our hearts (Jer 31:31-33/Romans
2:15/Hebrews 8:10), and Jesus is over us directly.
S = The Feast of Pentecost took place on the morrow
after the seventh Sabbath, showing that the Holy
Spirit meant for people to worship on the first day of
R = There was no indication or even implication that
the day of the week that Pentecost fell on was special
at all. Again, if the God who does not change or alter
what goes out of His mouth was going to change a
Commandment, He would have made if extremely clear in
the Bible. He did not put it in the ordinances, or in
the book of laws of Moses, but in the Ten Commandments
He wrote with His own finger. It is the longest of the
Commandments; the one that tells us the 7th day is
Gods which is a memorial to Creation and the
Creator and this day is hallowed. It would take more
than a fact that people simply met on the first day to
mean a change, no matter how special the event.
S = Acts 20:7 shows us clearly that the disciples met
to break bread and hear the preaching of the Word on
the 1st day of the week.
R = No matter how we reckon time, Bible time - Gods
time, goes from sundown to sundown. Therefore,
midnight of the first day of the week was Saturday
night. (It is translated as such in some versions).
Breaking bread could have been a communion or it
could have been simply a meal. However, even if these
things were not in question, there is no indication
here that the Sabbath was changed at all, just because
some people were meeting and Paul was preaching. It
makes sense that Paul preached every opportunity he
had but again, this night was Saturday night.
Actually, the word day is italicized showing that it
was added by the translators. M.R. Vincent notes in
Word Studies in the New Testament, "The noun Sabbath
is often used after numerals in the signification of a
week" (Acts 20:7 note). The Greek text therefore,
literally reads "And upon the first of the Sabbaths."
S = We see the Sabbath was commemorative of rest of
Creation, while the Lords Day is the rest of
redemption. Matt. 28:1-6
R = Where is that in the Bible? Revelation 1:10 where
it says: I was in the spirit on the Lords Day? The
only Lords Day from Genesis to Revelation is the
7th. Believing that it is Sunday is simply due to
tradition that came from many years ago. In fact, this
term applying to Sunday was actually set down around
60 years before Christ.
The main pagan religion of the Romans was changed
around then to Mithraism. Mithra, the sun god, was
addressed as Dominus which means lord. They called
Sunday the Lords Day because that day was for
worship of the sun in honor of Mithra.
Around 300 A.D. forward, various compromises were
brought into the Roman church, starting under the
leadership of the Emperor Constantine. That church
first kept both Sabbath and Sunday, but when people
who would not compromise left or were kicked out, the
keeping of Sabbath died out in their church. After
all, those who kept to the Bible and the Bible only
left and the pagan converts had been used to Sunday
worship for the pagan sun god, so they were satisfied.
This church, the Roman Church had the Emperor as the
head of the church, so they became the strongest
church, of course. The pagans already had the term
The Lords Day for Mithra, and when it was changed
to apply to Jesus, it became custom to do so. This
church ruled for over 1200 years, so of course it
became normal to think of this as applying to
Sunday. However, it is not Biblical.
Besides this, many Bible scholars believe John was in
vision seeing the time when Jesus would be returning
the day of the Lord, not Sabbath anyway.
S = Different seals for different covenants. The
Sabbath was the sign and seal of the Old Covenant.
What sign was given for Christians? The Law? Consult
the Apostle Paul.
R = I have consulted Paul and found no place where he
differs on that regarding the Ten Commandments. In
fact, he said such things as: Do we then make void
the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish
the law. Romans 3:31 He also said: where no law is,
there is no transgression. Romans 4:15 And,
Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy,
and just, and good. Romans 7:12 There are more, but
Paul was not talking about those laws that looked
forward to Jesus, obviously but in connection with
sin, the only law that defines it is the Ten
S = The Sabbath of the OT was obligatory upon pain of
death, required to keep or perish. In the New
Covenant, there is not one required day by
Commandment, nor any special day. Keeping the Lords
Day was and is voluntary, a day of spontaneous
worship and service for the Lord. This is kept out of
love, not law. When did Jesus or any apostle command
Gentile believers to keep the Sabbath?
R = More importantly, since God does not change, where
is there mention that it was no longer commanded?!
Jesus did state in Matthew 24:20 But pray ye that
your flight be not in the winter, neither on the
Sabbath day. Again, why would Jesus care about the
Sabbath if it werent important after His death and
resurrection? Also again, the God who does not change
would have been very, very clear if this was to be
changed. And, just out of point of reference, why
would God want people to stop keeping the day He set
down as a memorial to Creation and the Creator in
exchange for the day pagans worshipped the sun?
There was no reason to change the Sabbath at all. So,
why do people keep Sunday? Where is the explicit
change, desire, mention of this in the Bible? There
isnt any! It is tradition that came down through time
only. If were going to err on the side of caution,
Id think wed at least keep what is clearly set down
in the Bible as Gods day the 7th.
S = All the moral commandments of the Decalogue (Ten
Commandments) were repeated in the NT, but the one
obligatory command was not. That was not an error of
omission, but of design. Not once was the 4th
Commandment commanded in the NT.
Really? Then why did Jesus say to pray that our flight
would not be on the Sabbath? What the NT clearly does
NOT say is that a Command of God was changed! The
Sabbath is mentioned many times in the NT such as in
Acts 13 where it tells us that the Gentiles besought
that these words might be preached to them the next
Sabbath. (42) And the next Sabbath day came almost
the whole city together to hear the word of God. This
would have been the perfect time to say that the day
was changed the Gentiles after all were there to
hear the word! There was no mention of a change for
the Gentiles or the Christians who had been Jews. We
also have Hebrews 4:9-11 that speaks of there
remaining a rest as God did from His.
S = No one is wise to disparage the moral Commandments
of the Law, but those do not include the 4th
R = Where is that stated? Again, the God who does not
alter what He says and does not change would have said
something like: Now, the Sabbath of the Lord is from
henceforth changed in honor of the resurrection, and
the 4th Commandment now applies to that day. Where is
that change? Where is that crystal clear text? There
And, why did God include the 4th Commandment in the
moral laws? Did He make a mistake? He could have
easily put it anywhere else if He didnt want it
S = We are told in the NT that the law ministers
death, not life.
R = The law ministers death because it is what tells
us what sin is. To sin is to die but Jesus came and
died in our place since we DO sin. That does not mean
we can simply continue to sin without any
consequences. No one uses this or most of the other
reasons here to do away with the laws against murder,
stealing, etc. Most use these just for the 7th day
S = According to writings of early Church Fathers,
Christians who continued meeting in synagogues were
driven out with persecution. It wasnt seemly to have
Moses on one hand and Christ on the other. Acts 8:3-4
God purposed this separation between Synagogue and
Church, yet Christians of Jewish foundation continued
to keep both the Sabbath and the Lords Day. That
didnt grow in popularity at all. The Sabbath was
never forced upon Gentile believers in those days,
except underhandedly by Judaisers. There were early
believers who as Judaisers kept the Sabbath, mixing
law and grace. Those were regularly cut off from the
mainstream of the Christian Church and were totally
despised by the Jews. They were very much in the
minority and failed to show the growth that the
mainstream Christianity enjoyed.
R = Actually, the early church kept the Sabbath. The
Church spoken of here is the one mentioned
previously the Roman Church where it is stated
clearly in Catholic books kept both days. It didnt
grow in popularity in THAT church because most of the
converts who made up the majority of the church were
USED to worshipping on Sunday.
Justin Martyr tried to make a change to separate
Christians from Jews, but Justin was a prime example
of someone who got a little knowledge and thought he
knew it all. He spent 3 days on the beach with an
elderly Christian and then went and started his own
school of Christianity, even writing apologies
[statements of defense] to the Emperor. He said things
such as believing that there was much for Christians
to welcome in other-worldly Platonic metaphysics. He
also said that Jesus curing the lame and such was no
different than what the pagans said of their god of
medicine Ǽsculapius. Obviously, while Justin was
devoted you dont die for something you dont
believe in he didnt have all the knowledge he
Many of the writers called Early Church Fathers
(Origin, Barnabas, Ignatius of Antioch, Tertullian,
etc.) were graduates of Justins or similar schools
of Christianity. Therefore, they were already
compromised in their beliefs. So, when Constantine, in
the early 4th Century A.D. stopped the torturing and
killing of Christians and became a Christian, many
of the people in that church were already willing to
do some compromising. (I put quotes around Christian
since Constantine was clearly joining the Christian
Church as a political move. We know this for several
reasons, not the least of which is after his supposed
conversion, he killed his first son, his second wife,
his brother-in-law, and a nephew).
The Jews were being obnoxious and making the Romans
angry with them, so the peaceful Christians did try to
distance themselves from the Jews during the second
century. But there were Sabbath-keepers from the time
of the Apostles forward. In fact, the quote When in
Rome, do as the Romans do was actually taken from the
fact that most of the other Christian Churches kept
the Sabbath. However, in Rome, they did not. Just
because that church became a powerful entity with the
Emperor at its head, does not mean that all Christian
churches did as Rome desired. There are numerous
documents that show that outside Rome and Alexandria,
Sunday-keeping was not custom until the Roman Church
became very powerful.
The ultimate authority, however, is the Word of God.
Nowhere in that is any hint that Sunday keeping was to
replace the Sabbath. Nowhere is there a clear
statement that any Commandment of God was to be done
away with. And, weve already gone over the fact that
Sabbath is NOT Judaising!
S = It is a fallacy that Sunday worship arose under
Pope Constantine, who made the Sunday Law observance
obligatory like the Sabbath was obligatory for Jews.
He was only involved in changing that day from
voluntary to mandatory. From then on a few Judaising
Christians kept the Sabbath Day and the greater
Christian Church kept the Lords Day. Nobody has
made the Sabbath to be Sunday, nor the Sunday to
become the Sabbath. Many early Church Fathers kept
Sunday as the Lords Day and many communities
worshipped regularly from the time of the Apostles on
until the 7th day was simply where it should be for
R = See the previous Statement/Response for
information regarding several areas of this. The Roman
Church we know of as Catholic became so powerful that
many other churches went along with it. And as their
laws and tradition came out with Sunday as being more
well-known, still, many people kept the 7th day
Sabbath. There are numerous historical evidences of
this. It is also a fact that many Christians, due to
this tradition, believed that by keeping Sunday they
were keeping the Sabbath. Many still do.
S = The Savior came to fulfill the law; therefore it
was done away with at the cross.
R = The text in question here is Matthew 5:17 that
says: Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or
the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to
fulfil. With the way this statement means fulfill, it
would be to finish or complete or even end. That
would make this text say that Jesus came not to
destroy but to end it any of these words are
opposite of not destroying. Fulfill here means to
carry out, perform, etc. We must again consider that
Jesus died because of sin, not to free us to sin.
Romans 5:15 tells us that where no law is, there is
no transgression. We are told in many places after
Jesus was resurrected that the law is good, holy, etc.
If it were not, why would He have had to die? He is
our glorious and holy High Priest and Judge if there
is no law, Judge of what? We are sinners yet we
would not be if there was no law by which sin is
determined. The fact that there is sin and sinners
is proof that this text does not mean the law was done
S = Our true Sabbath rest is actually in Christ, not
the day. It is one day in which we cease from our own
works and rest in His finished work, who offers
everlasting rest of the perpetual Covenant of Sabbath
rest. Not the DAY, but the PERSON.
R = Jesus is the Lord of the Sabbath because He helped
to make it sacred. We are told that nothing was
created without Him. Therefore, He can share how He
wants it kept. However, once again, it needs to be
pointed out that God put this in the Ten Commandments,
not the ordinances. If it had only been there, Id say
there is a point. However, that is not where it was
put. God said the day was made holy and was to be kept
holy. This statement is another one that has no basis
in Scripture. Hebrews 3 & 4 is not saying what this
statement is trying to purport. It explains the
spiritual meaning of Sabbath. We know the spiritual
meaning of communion does that mean we no longer
need to celebrate that either?
S = The Apostle Paul preached Christ to non-Christian
Jews in THEIR synagogue on THEIR Sabbath.
R = In Acts 13:42-44, we are told that Paul preached
to the Gentiles, not just Jews. It tells us that
almost the entire city came to hear the word of God on
the Sabbath. Had this been something they wanted to
change, surely that was a great time to say so.
S = Romans 14:5 says: One man esteemeth one day above
another; another esteemeth every day alike. Let every
man be fully persuaded in his own mind. This shows
that we can determine which day to keep in the New
R = Paul is not speaking about the Sabbath at all but
about fasting. This and vegetarianism is being
discussed in this chapter. If you read the texts prior
to this one and after, you can see that it is not the
Sabbath being discussed.
S = The early Christians had to be told to stop trying
to press upon the new converts things that had been
abrogated. One of these was the Sabbath.
R = Of course, the majority of early Christians had
been Jews until the time of the stoning of Stephen
when the message went to the Gentiles as well.
However, we must look at how much of the Jews daily
lives were wrapped up in things that DID end. All of
the ceremonial laws of washings, the circumcision, the
sacrifices, etc. along with the sacrificial Sabbaths
WERE done away with. This was naturally difficult for
Jewish-Christians to stop. However, the 7th day
Sabbath was not a part of anything that looked forward
to the cross, therefore, it was not abrogated [ended].
Also, there was no day as special or guarded as the
Sabbath. Therefore, had the Sabbath have ended at the
cross, we would have expected the Jewish Christians to
make a huge issue of that. Where is this argument?
Where do the Christians make issue in Scripture? Its
not there. Besides this, again is the fact that Jesus
said to pray that the flight would not be on the
Sabbath. You dont mention something like that if its
to end. They also still showed the significance of the
Sabbath in how they termed the days, such as first
toward Sabbath (again, the Greek makes that clear,
but generally translations do not).
S = Hebrews 10:9 tells us that: He taketh away the
first, that he may establish the second. This means
Christ took away the Ten Commandments that He might
bring the law of love to us.
R = This is clearly speaking about the ceremonial laws
because it refers to sacrifices and blood offerings.
This is speaking about Jesus replacing them, not the
law He set in place to show what sin was and again He
died because of sin, not to free us TO sin.
S = No Christian Reformer nor any current religions
that are Christian keep the seventh day except a few.
Doesnt that in itself show that Sunday is correct?
R = Before sharing some quotes that show there were
and are many who know that the 4th Commandment was and
is still in effect, lets look at the last question.
When each Reformer came to understanding something of
the Bible that had been wrong, they had that
particular something (or light) to bring back.
However, they generally had one thing of many that had
been changed. They also were followed by people who
often relied upon the Reformer to teach them and
stopped learning more when the Reformer died. Martin
Luther, for instance, told the people not to call
themselves Lutherans and continue growing in knowledge
of the Bible. But, they didnt do that neither did
many of the groups that came after. Some accepted the
light of a previous Reformer, and some did not. That
is why we have so many different Christian religions.
The 7th day Sabbath was one of the last to be
rediscovered even though there were groups keeping
it all along. So, of course, it would be in the
minority since many would not accept it.
Here are some quotes that show not only past
understanding of the Sabbath, but current:
It was the practice generally of the Easterne
churches; and some churches in the west, For in the
Church of Millaine [Milan]; it seems the Saturday was
held in a farre esteemeNot that the Easterne
Churches, or any of the rest which observed that day,
were inclined to Iudaisme [Judaism]; but that they
came together on the Sabbath day, to worship Iesus
[Jesus] Christ the Lord of the Sabbath. History of
the Sabbath [original spelling retained] part 2. par.
5 pp 73, 74 1636 Heylin
The ancient Christians were very careful in the
observation of Saturday, or the seventh day It is
plain that all the Oriental churches, and the greatest
part of the world, observed the Sabbath as a festival
Athanasius likewise tells us that they held religious
assemblies on the Sabbath, not because they were
infected with Judaism, but to worship Jesus, the Lord
of the Sabbath, Epiphanius says the same. Antiquities
of the Christian Church, vol. II, Book XX, chapter 3,
section 1, pg. 66, 1137-8.
There is much evidence that the Sabbath prevailed in
Wales universally until AD 1115, when the first Roman
bishop was seated at St. Daviss. The old Welsh
Sabbath-keeping churches did not even then altogether
bow the knee to Rome, but fled to their hiding
places. Seventh-day Baptists in Europe and America,
Lewis, vol. 1, pg. 29
Erasmus testified that even as late as 1500 the
Bohemians not only kept the seventh-day Sabbath
scrupulously, but also were called Sabbatarians.
Cox, The Literature of the Sabbath Question, vol 12,
In China, there is a monument that reads: ta vao shen
wan ji, which means the great first of the Sabbath
day. The Nestorians, who built this monument had
written about them: The Nestorians eat no pork, and
keep the seventh-day Sabbath. The Encyclopedia of
In The Church of Scotland, pg. 140, we are told: It
seems to have been customary in the Celtic churches of
the early times, in Ireland as well as Scotland, to
keep Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath, as a day of rest
from labor. They obeyed the fourth commandment
literally upon the seventh day of the week. Also in
Scotland, the missionary Columba established a school
in 536 A.D. in which he and his monks followed the
Bible as their sole authority and observed the seventh
day as the Sabbath.
"And where are we told in the Scriptures that we are
to keep the first day at all? We are commanded to keep
the seventh; but we are nowhere commanded to keep the
first day. The reason why we keep the first of the
week holy instead of the seventh is for the same
reason that we observe many other things, - not
because the Bible, but because the church, has
enjoined [commanded] it." Isaac Williams, Plain
Sermons on the Catechism, Vol. 1, pp 334, 336.
Cardinal Gibbons wrote: You may read the Bible from
Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single
line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The
Scriptures enforce the religious observance of
Saturday, a day which we never sanctify. Faith of Our
Fathers, pg. 111. He also stated in The Catholic
Mirror, 12/23/1893: Reason and sense demand the
acceptance of one or the other of these alternatives:
Either Protestantism and the keeping holy of Saturday,
or Catholicity and keeping holy of Sunday. Compromise
is impossible. This gives rise to the question of how
the Pope in the 1990s could write his apostolic
letter which sounds like Sunday is the day the Bible
and God sanctified. Cardinal Gibbons wrote with full
knowledge and approval of the Vatican. The Catholics,
in their Catechism stated that they transferred the
solemnity of Sabbath to Sunday because Christ rose
from the dead on that day.
The division of times into weeks is not only
non-natural, but in a sense contra-natural, since the
week of seven days is no subdivision of either the
naturally measured month or year. The Presbyterian
tract The Christian Sabbath
Dr. Edward T. Hiscox, who wrote The Baptist Manual,
said: There was and is a commandment to keep holy the
Sabbath day, but that Sabbath day was not Sunday It
will be said, however, and with some show of triumph,
that the Sabbath was transferred from the seventh to
the first day of the weekWhere can the record of such
a transaction be found? Not in the New Testament,
absolutely not. There is no scriptural evidence of the
change of the Sabbath institution from the seventh to
the first day of the week Of course, I quite well
know that Sunday did come into use in early Christian
history as a religious day, as we learn from the
Christian Fathers and other sources. But what a pity
that it comes branded with the mark of paganism, and
christened with the name of the sun god.
The Moody Bible Institute shares that Sabbath was
before Sinai and they go on to say: "I honestly
believe that this commandment [the Sabbath
commandment] is just as binding today as it ever was.
I have talked with men who have said that it has been
abrogated [abolished], but they have never been able
to point to any place in the Bible where God repealed
it. When Christ was on earth, He did nothing to set it
aside; He freed it from the traces under which the
scribes and Pharisees had put it, and gave it its true
place. 'The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the
Sabbath' [mark 2:27]. It is just as practicable and as
necessary for men today as it ever was - in fact, more
than ever, because we live in such an intense age.
Dwight L. Moody himself had this to say: "The
[Seventh-day] Sabbath was binding in Eden, and it has
been in force ever since. This Fourth Commandment
[Exodus 20:8-11] begins with the word 'remember,'
showing that the Sabbath had already existed when God
wrote the law on the tables of stone at Sinai. How can
men claim that this one commandment has been done away
with when they admit that the other nine are still
binding? Dwight L. Moody, Weighed and Wanting, 1898,
"We are, therefore, to acknowledge one God, infinite,
eternal, omnipresent, omniscient, omnipotent, the
creator of all things, most wise, most just, most
good, most holy. We must love him, fear him, honour
him, trust in him, pray to him, give him thanks,
praise him, hallow his name, obey his commandments,
and set times apart for his service, as we are
directed in the third and fourth Commandments, for
this is the love of God, that we keep his
commandments, and his commandments are not grievous. I
John v. 3. And these things we must do not to any
mediators between him and us, but to him alone, that
he may give his angels charge over us, who, being our
fellow-servants, are pleased with the worship we give
to their God. And this is the first and the principal
part of religion. This always was, and always will be
the religion of God's people, from the beginning to
the end of the world." Isaac Newton, quoted in Sir
David Brewsters Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and
Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton, 2 vols., Edinburgh,
The first day of the week is commonly called the
Sabbath. This is a mistake. The Sabbath of the Bible
was the day just proceeding the first day of the week.
The first day of the week is never called the Sabbath
anywhere in the entire Scriptures. It is also an error
to talk about the change of the Sabbath. There is not
in any place in the Bible any intimation of such a
change. First-Day Observance, pg. 17, 19
John Wesley said: The moral law contained in the ten
commandments, and enforced by the prophets, He
[Christ] did not take away. It was not the design of
His coming to revoke any part of this. This is the law
which can never be broken, which stands fast as the
faithful witness in heaven. The moral law stands on
an entirely different foundation from the ceremonial
or ritual law Every part of the law must remain in
force upon all mankind, and in all ages; as not
depending either on time or place, or any other
circumstances liable to change, but on the nature of
God and the nature of man, and their unchangeable
relation to each other. Sermons on Several Occasions,
On the Sermon on the Mount Discourse 6, pp 75, 76
Although the law given from God by Moses as touching
ceremonies and rites, doth not bind Christians, nor
ought the civil precepts thereof of necessity be
received in any commonwealth; yet, notwithstanding, no
Christian whatsoever is free from the obedience of the
commandments which are called moral. Constitution of
the Methodist Episcopal Church, Articles of Religion,
Art. 6, pg. 7.
The Library of Christian Doctrine, pg. 5 says: (Under:
Why Dont You Keep Holy the Sabbath Day) You will
tell men that Saturday is the Jewish Sabbath, but that
the Christian Sabbath has been changed to Sunday.
Changed! But by whom? Who has authority to change an
express commandment of Almighty God? When God has
spoken and said, Thou shalt keep holy the seventh
day, who shall dare to say, Nay, thou mayest work
and do all manner of worldly business on the seventh
day; but thou shalt keep holy the first day in its
stead.? This is a most important question, which I
know not how you can answer. You are a Protestant, and
you profess to go by the Bible and the Bible only; and
yet in so important a matter as the observance of one
day in seven as a holy day, you go against the plain
letter of the Bible, and put another day in the place
of the day which the Bible has commanded. The command
to keep holy the seventh day is one of the ten
commandments; you believe that the other nine are
still binding; who gave you authority to tamper with
the fourth? If you are consistent with your own
principles, if you really follow the Bible and the
Bible only, you ought to be able to produce some
portion of the New Testament in which this fourth
commandment is expressly altered. Wow! What a
I hope that this has been educational and will help
when people ask you questions about the 7th day
Where GOD tells us that friendship with the
world is enmity with Him [James 4:4], State-churches
that became involved with politics, cannot be doing
GOD'S will, but Satan's instead.
To replace Baptism, which also commemorates the
death, burial and the resurrection, the pagan
holiday of 'Ishtar' or Eastern was brought in.
Good Friday to Easter Sunday with all its easter
eggs and bunnies suppose to give more life than
Christ. Even though this Easter Sunday was
originally only celebrated once a year, they decided
to have it every week in place of Christ's Sabbath
To bring in false worship completely, the Church of
Rome removed the second of the Ten Commandments of
GOD, which forbids the making and worship of idols
and images even under the ground such as hell, limbo
To make up its number again, they divided the last
of the Ten Commandments into two and moved all the
numbers so the the Sabbath became the third command.
Paul says you observe days, month, and times,
and years [Gal.4:10], even though the old testament
had a few, observers of times were the enchanters
and diviners of paganism [Deut.18:14] of which
Easter, Lent and Christmas was a part.
This fully immersing in Christ, as one can see, is
more than the little sprinkle with Christianity to
be half-hearted and have one foot in the church and
one in the world.
Is JESUS our new Sabbath?
The prince of darkness has
transformed himself into an angel of light. He is now
helping the children of disobedience to retreat from
light into darkness.
Have you heard the latest
interpretation on the Sabbath? It is no longer the
Seventh day but every day, and it is not even a day
anymore but a person, JESUS CHRIST [Hebrews 4 quoted].
GOD says it is the Seventh
day [Ex.20:10]. GOD also says, And the the new
heaven and the new earth I will make, all flesh shall
come to worship before Me from one Sabbath to another
Now lets use the latest
interpretation from the children of disobedience:
The new earth and the new heavens that I will make,
all flesh shall come to worship before Me from one
Christ to another Christ. Doesnt that sound
The Baptist David Cloud
just wrote a booklet called: The snares of
Adventism. In it he claims that when GOD made the
Sabbath in Eden and sanctified and hallowed it, there
is no proof that Adam had to worship GOD on the
Now lets analyse it.
He is inferring that GOD said to Adam, step aside son
and get lost for the next 24 hours while I worship
Myself. Can you imagine such preposterous claim. It
directly contradicts the Bible and JESUS who says,
that the Sabbath was made for mankind [Mark 2:27,28]
and not for GOD to worship Himself.
Then he quotes ex-Adventist D
M Canright who also retreated from light into
darkness. Canright wrote while in Adventism, that it
was Paul that died. But when he retreated towards
Babylon, Canright claimed that in Romans seven, it is
the Law that died. [ Romans seven does not say this].
The Baptist Church manual
says: "We believe that the Law of GOD is the
eternal and unchangeable rule of His moral
Now they say the opposite!
Why? Firstly, Babylon has fallen, has fallen.
Secondly, in order to refute CHRIST'S Sabbath, they
have to do away with all the 10 Commandments.
GOD says that the carnal mind is enmity with Him over
the 10 Commandments [Rom.8:7].
Their main text comes from
2.Cor.3:3 :"Not in tables of stone, but in the fleshly
tables of the heart." This does not do away with
GOD'S holy morals, but places them from cold tables of
stone into our brand new heart and spirit.
The new covenant/testament consists of GOD cleansing
us from sin, which is the violation of that law
[1.John 3:4; Romans 7:7], and after cleansing, He
Himself writes them into the tables of our fleshly
hearts [Hebr. 8:6-13; 10:15-20]. The words of
this covenant/testament is always the same [Ex.34:28;
JESUS died in order that the
righteousness of that law might be fulfilled inside us
[Rom.3+4]. It was not the law that faded away,
but the glory on Moses face. The letter kills
[2.Cor.3:6]. Legalism does not get us to heaven,
but CHRIST'S righteousness of that law will.
It was the daily killing of the many animal sacrifices
that was the administration of death which
showed the multitudes of sins.
Fallen Babylon cannot keep
holy GOD'S moral law. They are busy helping
Satan to war against it [Rev.12:17]. But GOD says that
He will have His Commandment keeping people resist the
mark of the Beast [Rev.14:12].
Just as the N.T. Sabbath point
us to CHRIST, so did the 7 O.T. Sabbath days, in fact
they were called such: "the seven festivals of the
I don't see how anyone can say
that God had given no laws to man before Sinai. What
they don't seem to understand is that "sin is the
transgression of the law." (I John 3:4) You CANNOT
BREAK A LAW THAT DOES NOT EXIST. And SIN IS BREAKING
GOD'S LAW. That is the only definition of sin that we
Did sin exist before Sinai?
Then the law existed before Sinai.
If there was no law against murder, then Cain was not
guilty. You cannot break a law that doesn't exist.
If there was no law against worshipping idols, then
the heathen were not guilty. You cannot break a law
that doesn't exist.
If the law was not given to the Gentiles, then the
Gentiles have never sinned. You cannot break a law
that doesn't exist.
If the law was all done away with at the cross, then
sin no longer exists, and we can do whatever we want.
You cannot break a law that doesn't exist!
Wherever sin is, the law is. Sin is breaking the law.
Now this does not only apply to the ten commandments,
but to whatever law God has made.
But that the ten commandments are still in force, all
you have to do is go down the list. Is it still sin to
have other gods? Is it still wrong to murder? to
commit adultery? to steal?
THE ONLY ONE of the ten commandments that Christians
want to get rid of is the fourth. Because it goes
against their tradition, they don't want anything to
do with the fourth.
But either God knew what He was doing in putting the
seventh-day Sabbath right in the middle of laws that
would last forever, or He didn't. Personally, I'll go
with the idea that God knew exactly what He was doing,
and put the Sabbath there because it belongs there.
He is the same, today, yesterday, and forever.
- Jeremiah classified
godless families with the heathen:
"Pour out Thy fury upon
the heathen that know Thee not, and upon the
families that call not on Thy name: for they
have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and
consumed him, and have made his habitation
Many mothers have written to me at one time or
another to know what to do to entertain their
children on the Sabbath. The boys say, "I do
wish 'twas night," or, "I do hate the
Sabbath," or, "I do wish the Sabbath were
over." It ought to be the happiest day in the
week to them, one to be looked forward to with
pleasure. In order to this end, many
suggestions might be followed. Make family
prayers especially attractive by having the
children learn some verse or story from the
Bible. Give more time to your children than
you can give on weekdays, reading to them and
perhaps taking them to walk in the afternoon
or evening. Show by your conduct that the
Sabbath is a delight, and they will soon catch
your spirit. Set aside some time for religious
instruction, without making this a task. You
can make it interesting for the children by
telling Bible stories and asking them to guess
the names of the characters. Have Sunday games
for the younger children. Picture books,
puzzle maps of Palestine, and such things can
be easily obtained. Sabbath albums and Sabbath
clocks are other devices. Set aside attractive
books for the Sabbath, not letting the
children have these during the week. By doing
this, the children can be brought to look
forward to the day with eagerness and
- Apart from public
and family observance, the individual ought to
devote a portion of the time to his own
edification. Prayer, meditation, reading,
ought not to be forgotten. Think of men
devoting six days a week to their body, which
will soon pass away, and begrudging one day to
the soul, which will live on and on forever!
Is it too much for God to ask for one day to
be devoted to the growth and training of the
spiritual senses, when the other senses are
kept busy the other six days?
If your circumstances permit, engage in some
definite Christian work, such as teaching in
Sabbath school, or visiting the sick. Do all
the good you can. Sin keeps no Sabbath, and no
more should good deeds. There is plenty of
opportunity in this fallen world to perform
works of mercy and religion. Make your Sabbath
down here a foretaste of the eternal Sabbath
that is in store for believers.
You want power in your Christian life, do you?
You want Holy Ghost power? You want the dew of
heaven on your brow? You want to see men
convicted and converted? I don't believe we
shall ever have genuine conversions until we
get straight on this law of God.
confused Mr. Canright!
He informs us that the law was only given to the
Jews! [SDA renounced p.320]. But then on p.333
he states that "The essence of the law
remains"! Now here is quiet something new.
The Jews had only the letter of the law, but we
have the essence!
Later, in his book, he claims: "Excepting the
Sabbath, the other nine commandments are in the
Not a single word about our Lord JESUS CHRIST
being the Lord of the Sabbath. Not a word about
the Sabbath being the most mentioned commandment
in the New Testament.
Mr. Canright answers himself as a Seventh
Day Adventist: "Those who hold this theory teach
that all the ten commandments were abolished at
the cross, and nine of the ten re-inacted at the
"Of source this must have been done simply to
get rid of the Sabbath [of CHRIST], as the law
would have been all right, but for that [the
"Or as some claim, the law was abolished at the
cross, and re-enacted at Pentecost, which leaves
an interregnum of fifty days without any law at
all." "Where no law is, there is no
transgression".---Romans 4:15. All the crimes
committed during those fifty days must go
unpunished, as there was no law to condemn them!
"The world was in rebellion against the law of
the Father sent His Son to reconcile the world
to Himself. Says Paul, 'GOD was in CHRIST,
reconciling the world to Himself.---2.Cor.5:19
Men cannot be judged by an abolished law; hence
all those before the cross will go free in the
judgment, having no law to condemn them. Will
GOD judge the millions of Hebrews who lived from
Moses to CHRIST by an old dead law which,
according to our opponents, was always only a
yoke of bondage, grievous to be born? It would
be a violation of every principle of law. Thus
I read in the decision of the supreme court of
Iowa, 1862.---Iowa Reports, Vol.XII,p.311
Note: When they say that they are free from the
law, they must mean that they can go on
sinning. Under the law means to be
under it's condemnation as a Sinner
When violating only one of the 10 Commandments,
one is still under the law, and found guilty of
CHRIST'S royal law of liberty [James 2:10-12].
A law abiding citizen who is in harmony with the
law cannot be condemned by it. What GOD wrote
Himself on monumental stone is unchangeable as
GOD Himself is the same today, yesterday and
forever. Just for one command, trying to do
away with CHRIST'S Sabbath, they are so
desperately dishonest in doing away with all
The National and International Sunday Laws
earthly governments allowed by GOD to make religious
laws? JESUS made it very clear: "Render unto
Caesar the things that are Caesars, and unto GOD the
things that are GOD'S."
apostle further elaborates on the words of CHRIST when
he wrote Romans 13. This passage first
refers to the civil government, the higher powers -
the powers that be. Next, Paul speaks of rulers,
as bearing a sword and attending upon matters of
tribute. Then it commands to render tribute to
whom tribute is due, and says: "Owe no man
anything; but to love one another: for he that loves
another has fulfilled the law." Then he
refers to the sixth, seventh, eights, ninth, and tenth
commandments, and says: "If there be any
other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this
saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy Neighbour as
are other commandments of this same law to which
St. Paul refers. There are four commandments of
the first table of the law. Paul knew these very well . Why, then, did he say, "If there be
any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in
this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as
thyself"?--Because he was writing concerning the
principles set forth by the Saviour, which relate to
our duties to civil government.
things which pertain to GOD are not to be rendered to
civil government. As the ten commandments
contain the whole duty to man [Eccl.12:13,14], and as
in the numeration here given of the duties that men
owe to the powers that be, there is no reference
whatever to the first table of the law, it therefore
follows that the powers that be, although ordained by
GOD, have nothing whatever to do with the relations
which men bear towards GOD.
was part of the defense the Professor Alonzo T. Jones,
a Seventh-Day Adventist,
gave to the 50ties congress of the Unites States in
answer to Senator Blair, in 1888, when he wanted to
introduce a bill advancing the Roman Catholic Sunday
law first issued by Constantine the great in 321 A.D.
The Seventh-Day Baptist by then, had given away the
that time there were 6 Million Protestants and 7
Million 200 thousand Catholics in America.
The Romish Caesar is still with us and wants to
enslave the population.
Kingdom is not of this world", said JESUS.
Therefore any earthly effort to put GOD into an
earthly government, must be Antichrist. It puts
man in the place of GOD. Here in Australia a man
was taken to court by his neighbor for mowing his
lawn on Sunday. The Lawyer advised
the man to plead guilty. Yes, I did it, I
mowed the lawn on Sunday. The Judge threw out the case,
because the law demanded three days in the stocks.
Probably because the stocks had gone long ago, yet
CHRIST'S holy Sabbath remains on Saturdays!
God blesses His obedient
Another objection answer to
the children of disobedience:
THE SABBATH IN JOHN
Retired Prof. of
Theology and Church History
In Johns Gospel, the
relationship between the Sabbath and Christs work
of salvation is alluded to in two Sabbath miracles:
the healing of the paralytic (John 5:1-18) and of
the blind man (John 9:1-41). The two episodes are
examined together since they are substantially
similar. Both healed men had been chronically ill:
one an invalid for 38 years (John 5:5) and the other
blind from birth (John 9:2). In both instances,
Christ told the men to act. To
The Sabbath in Johns Gospel
the paralyzed man He
said, Rise, take up your pallet, and walk (John
5:8); to the blind man, Go, wash in the pool of
Siloam (John 9:7). Both of these
breaking rabbinical Sabbath laws, and thus both are
used by Pharisees to charge Christ with
Sabbath-breaking (John 5 :10, 16; 9:14-16). In both
instances, Christ repudiated such a charge by
arguing that His works of salvation are not precluded
but rather contemplated by the Sabbath commandment
(John 5:17; 7:23; 9:4). Christs justification is
expressed especially through a memorable statement:
My Father is working until now and I am working
(John 5:17; cf. 9:4).
Negation or Clarification of the Sabbath?
What did Christ mean
when He formally defended Himself against the charge
of Sabbath-breaking by appealing to the working
until now of His Father? Did He use the example of
His Father to rescind the obligation of Sabbath
keeping both for Himself and for His followers? This
is the position defended by Sunday keeping scholars.
Or did Christ appeal to the working of the Father on
the Sabbath to clarify the true nature and meaning
of the day? To put it simply, does Christs
statement represent a negation or a
clarification of the Sabbath law?
In a previous study I
showed that the working until now of the Father
and of the Son has historically received three basic
(1) continuous creation,
(2) continuous care, and (3) redemptive activities.The
exponents of these three views basically agree in
regarding Christs pronouncement as an implicit (for
some, explicit) annulment of the Sabbath
commandment. Does such a conclusion reflect the
legitimate meaning of the passage or arbitrary
assumptions which have been read into the passage?
To answer this question
and to understand the significance of Christs
saying, we briefly examine the role of the adverb
until nowheos arti, the meaning of the
verb is workingergazetai, and the
theological implications of the passage.
The Adverb Until Now.
adverbial phrase until now has been interpreted as
the continuous working of God (whether it be
in creation, preservation, or redemption) which
allegedly overrides or rescinds the Sabbath law. But
the adverb itself (until), especially as used in
Greek in its emphatic position before the verb,
presupposes not constancy but culmination.
The latter is
The Sabbath in Johns Gospel
brought out by some
translators through the use of the emphatic form
even until now.3 This adverbial phrase
presupposes a beginning (terminus a quo) and
an end (terminus ad quem). The former is
apparently the initial creation Sabbath (Gen 2:2-3)
and the latter the final Sabbath rest envisaged in a
similar Sabbath pronouncement in John 9:4: We must
work the works of him who sent me, while it is day;
night comes, when no one can work. In this
statement the culmination of the divine and
human working is explicitly designated as the
night. By virtue of the conceptual similarities
between John 5:17 and 9:4, it seems legitimate to
conclude that the night is the
for both texts.
What Jesus is saying,
then, is that though God rested on the Sabbath at
the completion of creation, because of sin He has
been working until now to bring the promised
Sabbath rest to fruition. That will be the final and
perfect Sabbath of which the initial creation
Sabbath was the prototype. A study of the meaning of
the divine working clarifies and supports this
The Verb Is
The meaning of the verb is working
until now of the Father
is clarified by Johns references to the working and
works of God which are repeatedly and explicitly
identified, not with a continuous divine creation
nor with a constant maintenance of the universe, but
with the saving mission of Christ.
Jesus explicitly states:
This is the work of God, that you believe
in him whom he has sent (John 6:29, emphasis
supplied). And again, If I am not doing the
works of my Father, then do not believe
me; but if I do them, even though you do not
believe me, believe the works, that you
may know and understand that the Father is in me and
I am in the Father (John 10:37, 38; cf. 4:34;
14:11; 15:24; emphasis supplied).
The redemptive nature of
the works of God is evident in the healing of the
blind man since the act is explicitly described as
the manifestation of the works of God (John 9:3).
This means then that God ended on the Sabbath His
works of creation but not His working in
general. Because of sin, He has been engaged in
the work of redemption until now. To use the words
of A. T. Lincoln, one might say, As regards the
work of creation
The Sabbath in Johns Gospel
Gods rest was final,
but as that rest was meant for humanity to enjoy,
when it was disturbed by sin, God worked in history
to accomplish his original purpose.4
Christ appeals to the
working of His Father not to nullify but to
clarify the function of the Sabbath. To understand
Christs defense, one must remember that the Sabbath
is linked both to
2:2-3; Ex 20:11) and redemption (Deut 5:15).
While in Exodus 20:11 the reason given for observing
the Sabbath is the completion of Creation in six
days, in Deuteronomy 5:15 the reason is deliverance
from the Egyptian bondage: Remember that you were
slaves in Egypt and that the Lord your God brought
you out of there with a mighty hand and an
outstretched arm. Therefore the Lord your God has
commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.
While by interrupting
all secular activities the Israelite was remembering
the Creator-God, by acting mercifully toward
fellow-beings he was imitating the Redeemer-God.
This was true not only in the life of the people, in
general, who on the Sabbath were to be compassionate
toward the less fortunate, but especially in the
service of the priest who could legitimately perform
on the Sabbath works forbidden to other Israelites,
because such works had a redemptive function.
On the basis of this
theology of the Sabbath admitted by the Jews, Christ
defends the legality of the working that He and
His Father perform on the Sabbath. In John, Christ
appeals to the example of circumcision to silence
the echo of the controversy over the healing of the
paralytic (John 7:22-24). The Lord argues that if it
is legitimate on the Sabbath for the priests to care
for one small part of mans body (according to
rabbinic reckoning, circumcision involved one of
mans 248 members)5
in order to
extend to the newborn child the salvation of the
there is no
reason to be angry with Him for restoring on that
day the whole body of man (John 7:23).
For Christ, the Sabbath
is the day to work for the redemption of the
man. This is borne out
by the fact that in both healings, Christ looked for
the healed men on the same day and , having found
them, He ministered to their spiritual need (John
5:14; 9:35-38). Christs opponents cannot perceive
the redemptive nature of His Sabbath ministry
because they judge by appearances (John 7:24). For
them, the pallet and the clay are more
The Sabbath in Johns Gospel
important than the
social reunion (5:10) and the restoration of sight
(John 9:14) which those objects symbolized. It was
necessary therefore for Christ to act against
prevailing misconceptions in order to restore the
Sabbath to its positive function.
In the Sabbath healing
of the blind man recorded in John 9, Christ extends
to His followers the invitation to become links of
the same redemptive chain, saying: We must work the
works of him who sent me, while it is day; night
comes, when no one can work (v. 4). The night
apparently refers to the conclusion of the history
of salvation, a conclusion which we found implied in
the adverbial phrase until now. Such a conclusion
of divine and human redemptive activity would usher
in the final Sabbath of which the creation Sabbath
was a prototype.
To bring about that
final Sabbath, the Godhead is working for our
salvation (John 5:17); but we must work to
extend it to others (John 9:4). The foregoing
considerations indicate that the two Sabbath
healings reported by John substantiate the
redemptive meaning of the Sabbath we found earlier
in Luke and Matthewnamely, a time to experience and
share the blessings of salvation accomplished by
1. Willy Rordorf,
Sunday: The History of the Day of Rest and
Earliest Centuries of the Christian Church
1968), p. 98.
2. For my analysis of
John 5:17, see my article John 5:17: Negation or
Clarification of the Sabbath? Andrews University
Seminary Studies 19 (Spring 1981), p. 3-19.
3. See, for example,
George Allen Turner, Julius R. Mantey, O. Cullman,
E. C. Hoskyns, F. Godet on John 5:17.
4. A. T. Lincoln,
Sabbath, Rest, and Eschatology in the New
Testament, in From Sabbath to Lords Day,
ed. Donald A. Carson (Grand Rapids, 1982), p. 204.
5. Yoma 85b.
6. On the redemptive
meaning of circumcision, see Rudolf Meyer, peritemno,
Theological Dictionary of the New Testament,
ed. G. Kittel (Grand Rapids, 1973), vol. 6, pp.
Jesus and 666
Mark of the Beast
The New Covenant
Romans chapter 13
Romans chapter 14
The Lord's Day
The Ten Commandments
The Christian Catalogue
Our Lord Jesus in Heaven
Jesus and His Sheep
Spirit of prophecy
The Final Anti-Christ
The Testimony of a Catholic priest regarding Sunday
Note: the Sabbath does not
save, neither does loyalty to the marriage
vow. But sin is sin and if unrepented of
and unforgiven, there can be no eternal life
for the willful transgressor.
Receive eternal blessings
from the spiritual and physical rest of God's
holy day in this restless world of sin.
Because there is no rest for the wicked!
The HOLY SPIRIT is only given to those who
obey (Acts 5:3,32). Disobedience brings
the Satanic spirit into your life for sure.
The triumph of the cross leads to total obedience
[Heb 8:6-13; 10:15-20]